History of Boxing
The fist fighting that is depicted in Sumerian relief carving in 3rd millennium BC, and the evidence found in Egypt during 2nd millennium BC are the first trace of boxing. Both are fist fighting contests. Dr. E. A. Speiser, an archaeologist, in 1927 revealed a Mesopotamian stone tablet in Baghdad, Iraq showing two men getting ready for a prize fight. It is believed that the tablet is 7,000 years old. The earliest evidence for fist fighting with any kind of gloves can be found on Minoan Crete (c. 1500-900 BC), and on Sardinia, if the boxing statues of Prama mountains (c. 2000-1000 BC) can be considered.
Jack Broughton, a British boxer from Bristol, formulated the first set of codes for prize ring competition and came to be known as the father of boxing. Thereafter, the Boxing came under Queensberry rules of 1867 formulated for the 9th Marquess of Queensberry. Under this code, boxing with gloves was established for the first time. The Amateur Boxing Association was formed in 1880, in England. The Association Internationale de Boxe Amateur (AIBA) was formed in 1946. This association controls the world amateur boxing. Boxing didn't, however, become a legal sport in Britain till the legal ruling by Justice Gronthan following the death of Billy Smith on 24 April, 1901. Boxing of Various classes were introduced in the Olympic Games at different: periods.
Boxing in India
In India, the game of boxing does not command a significant fan following, which commentators often attribute to the lack of discernible international victories. However, despite its limited success at large global championships, it is a regular medal-holder at the Asian Games and Commonwealth Games. Some of the boxing players in India are Mohammad Ali Qamar, Vijender Singh, Akhil Kumar, Jitender Kumar, Pinki Jangra, Kavita Chahal, L Devendro Singh, Shiva Thapa and Mary Kom.
Indian Boxing Federation
This is a national organization for boxing sport in India that oversees all the aspects related to the game of boxing. Indian Amateur Boxing Federation (IABF) is under Indian Boxing Federation. The former is an organization that promotes and nurtures young talents in boxing and also keeps track of all the essential events related to boxing, and has been instrumental in throwing new talents in the park.
Boxing in Indian Cinema
In 2014, Priyanka Chopra played the main role as Mary Kom in an award winning biographical film about her life. In 2016 'Sala Khadoos' is a film, where the boxing student "Madhi" wins the world light weight boxing champion.