History of Simdega
Simdega falls under the former Biru kingdom of yesteryears. The kings of Birugarh ruled over this region for centuries, even during the British Colonial era. Their ancestors were from great Ganga Vamsi royal family of Kalinga- Utkala Empire. The royal family still resides at Biru or Birugarh village which is situated at a distance of about 11 km from District headquarter, Simdega on NH23. This region of beautiful plateau is inhabited by many tribal people. This small village is gradually evolving into a semi-township. The missionaries have established convents, hospitals and parishes on the lands donated by the Biru Kings and its subordinates.
Earlier the missionaries had spread Christianity in this tribal region and also helped in spreading the education with opening several Christian schools even in remote areas. Being in the south Bihar now Jharkhand the language has been the sweet Nagpuri, whose offshoots are the now Sadri in many forms and adaptability. Other languages spoken by the local adivasi tribes are Mundari, Oraon, Kharia and others. This region is highly influenced by Oriya culture as this area was ruled by the Oriya Kings.
This place was discovered and developed by the erstwhile Biru Royal-family. In recent times this holy place has been made popular by the presence of holy saint Sri Brahmachari Maharaj or Ramrekha Baba. The idols of Lord Rama and Lord Krishna have been places in this cave shrine temple. On the rocks outside there are footmarks of Ram and Sita, a conch shell (Shankh) which produces the sound ram-ram, Dhanush Kund (a small pond in the shape of a bow) on the rocks.
Geography of Simdega
Simdega is located in the South West of Jharkhand. It covers a total area of 3761.2 Sq.km. Simdega has 94 Gram Panchayats and 450 Revenue Villages.
Tourist Spots in Simdega
There are many tourist spots in Simdega that attract many tourists to this place.
Kelaghgh dam is built on Chhinda River in Simdega. The beautiful dam is located at a distance of 4 km from district headquarter. It is surrounded by several hills that attract many tourists. The visitors are provided with the facility of motor boating and parasailing. There is a plateau in Kelaghagh dam where a small and beautiful park exists.
Ram Rekha Dham
Ram Rekha Dham is the religious place which is located about 26 K.M from Simdega headquarters. According to history during 14 years exile period Lord Rama, Sita and Laxman had visited this place and stayed here for a while. Some archaeological structures like agni kund, charan paduka, sita chulha, gupt ganga etc. portray that during the exile period they followed this path. Visitors pay visit to this holy place to experience these archaeological structures and temple of Lord Rama, Sita, Laxman, Lord Hanumana and Lord Shiva which lies in a bowed cave. A fair is organized every year during the Kartik Purnima.
Dangadi is a beautiful place that is situated in block Bolba. A beautiful waterfall also adorns this place. Presently it has been developed into a picnic spot.
Ketunga Dham situated in Bano Block is very important historical place. The archaeological survey of India points out this place as the Land Of Buddha Period. At Ketunga Dham many statues of Buddha were found. It is said that King Ashoka established these statues while returning to Patliputra after Kalinga war.
Rajadera is situated in Thethaitanger Block. There exists many beautiful and small water falls on Chhinda River.
Bhairo Baba Pahari
Bhairo Baba Pahari is a cave located in Phulwatanger village of Simdega Block. The Cave looks like a living body.
Bhanwar Pahar is in Kolebira Block. The place is so named as many Black bees can be found here. Earlier these flies were used as the soldiers. A small natural pond also exists in between the stones on the hill that remains filled in all seasons.
Tingina in Simdega resembles the Ashok Vatika. The place is surrounded with Ashoka trees. This is regarded as the gift of nature to the villagers of Tingina in Jaldega Block.
Bandurga is the holy place of Goddess of Shakti, Goddess Durga and situated in Bolba Block. Devotees visit this place to pray and seek blessings from Goddess Durga. This place is also a natural picnic spot.