In pashu the rajo-guna operates on tamas that generates dark features like error, drowsiness and laziness. However a jiva of this type may prove superior to a jiva of the next sort. The former is bound by matter, lacks illumination. There is a possibility that the latter may abuse the greater freedom he has won. There are several kinds of pashu, some more and some less Tamasik than others. Others approach and merge into the vira class gradually. The term pashu comes from the root pash, which means "to bind." The pashu is the man who is bound by the bonds pity, ignorance, fear, shame, hatred, family, custom and caste.
Pashu is the worldly man, in unawareness and oppression as contrast to the yogi and the tattva-jnani. Three divisions of pashsu are sakala, Pratyakala and Vijnana kevala. Sakal are bound by the three pasha - anu, bheda, karma. The three impurities are anava-mala, maya-mala and Karmma-mala. Pratayakala are bound by the first and last, and Vijnana-kevala are those bound by anava-mala. He who frees himself of anu becomes Shiva himself. Devi bears the pasha and is the cause of them. Men of this class are described in Tantra by exterior traits. According to Kubjika Tantra those who belong to pashu-bhava does not touch a yantra, nor make japa of mantra in the night time. He lacks faith in guru. He distinguishes one Deva from another. He talks ill of others. Even the Nitya Tantra describes the traits of pashu.
As far as vira-bhava is concerned, rajas works on sattva independently towards the production of acts in which sorrow belongs to. Vira also has several types.
Divya Bhava is the highest class of man in which rajas works on sattva-guna. According to Nitya Tantra among all the bhava divya is the best, the vira is the next best and the pashu is the lowest. It is also believed that devata-bhava must be awakened through vira-bhava. The Kubjika Tantra mentions the marks of the divya. He also gives charity daily. He has strong belief in Veda, Shastra, guru and Deva. He worships Pitri and Deva as well as performs all the daily rites. He is well versed in Mantra. He speaks truth always as well as avoids the company of those who criticize the Devata. He worships thrice daily and meditates upon his guru. He regards women as his guru.
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