(Last Updated on : 21/07/2015)
Monotheism in Upanishads
is the basic principle according to Indian philosophers like Adi Shankracharya. It advocates delineation of the Supreme Being as the basic universal principle. The Supreme Being is called by various names like Brahman, Atma
, Akshara, Akaasha, Praana and so on. The Supreme Being is the creator, destroyer, sustainer; regulator, destroyer, enlightener and liberator of all. This is the one and only independent principle upon which all the other entities are reliant. It is subjective and inspirational. It has the contradictory features of everyday experience. As it is infinite it cannot be understood completely by anyone.
The Supreme Being has no drawbacks of any kind. It directs all and is not directed by anyone. It is independent in nature, functions and comprehension. Others derive capacities and limited qualities from it. Therefore it is also known as Sat, Chit and Ananda characteristically. The Upanishads belong to the period of fifth century. The fundamental question of this text is the relationship between God and creation, God and human beings.
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