(Last Updated on : 31/08/2012)
Dance songs of Orissa
are mainly the various songs which are sung as accompaniment to the folk dances. There are a number of dance songs of Orissa, their number being as varied as the numerous dance forms of the state. Some of the most popular dance songs of Orissa are discussed below.
Ghumura song is sung by the Sabara tribals. They sing it in a group, sometimes one of them posing as woman. They sing some folk songs of their community.
Jhoomar and Nachni Nat are very popular among the tribes of Mayurbhanj district
and Sundargarh district
of Orissa. Geographically these two districts are situated near the border of Bihar
and West Bengal
. So in their songs, one can find the mixture of Oriya language
, Bengali language
, Maithili language
and local dialects. These songs are mostly love songs. The songs are essentially melodious in character having different patterns of composition, according to which their tunes vary. There are different kinds of Jhoomar, such as, Bhaduria Jhoomar, Panta Jhoomar, Rang Jhoomar. Madal, a kind of drum is the main accompanying instrument. During the dance the man beats the drum and sings, and the refrain is repeated by the dancing women.
Dalkhai and Rasarkeli
Dalkhai and Rasarkeli folk-songs which generally accompany the dances are very popular in Sambalpur district
, Balangir district
, Kalahandi district
and Sundargarh district. The language used in these songs is Kosli (Oriya spoken in Western Orissa) and some local dialects. Dalkhai and Rasarkeli are in the form of dialogue between the lover and beloved. The theme of these songs is based on the love story of Radha
and Lord Krishna
or the Ramayana
epic, description of nature etc. On some specific occasions, competitions are held among young boys and girls of the village where they sing these songs and dance together. This competition is very interesting because these two groups compose new songs and sing in new musical tunes. The accompanying instruments are Dhol, Tasa, Nisan and Cymbals
. These are varieties of percussion instruments. They also use wind instruments like Mahuri. During the dance, the last line of the song is often repeated.
Desi Karama dance is found in western Orissa. The song accompanying this dance is sung solo. This song is performed in a special manner which is rare to other varieties. It ranges from base to the high pitch. The song is accompanied by Madal. Each line of the melody ending in a long monotone is its special feature.
Karma is popularly known as Karma Nachha or Karma dance. It is a tribal ritual dance to propitiate either the male deity Karama Devata or the female deity Karamsani. Karma songs accompany the dance. In Sambalpur district the young girls of the Binjal community sing these songs. These songs are set into different patterns to match the different phases of the dance. Different tribes sing in their own local dialects in their own melodic pattern. The man beats the drum and a few of them sing.