(Last Updated on : 04/01/2014)
Wildlife in Central India attracts large number of wildlife enthusiasts, researchers, ornithologists as well as regular tourists from different parts of the world. Wildlife in Central India includes tigers, monkeys, deer, leopards
, and diverse species of birds and marine life. The wildlife sanctuaries in the central region of the country offer various scopes of discovering the rich and varied flora and fauna. Central India is also considered as a popular wildlife tourist destination. The sanctuaries are refuge to abundant species of widespread as well as rare species of birds and animals, and they delight visitors with opportunities to watch untamed flora and fauna in natural habitat. Central India is well known for diverse topography, favourable climate and vegetation. Some of the popular hill ranges such as Vindhya Mountain Range
, Satpura Mountain Range
, Aravalli Mountain Ranges
, Maikal and Ajanta are located in this region. In Central India there are around 15 national parks and nearly 35 wildlife sanctuaries representing a unique concentration of flora and fauna.
Almost, the entire central region lies in Peninsular Plateau. Just like North India, Central India too is rich in wildlife and plants. Some of the most famous and significant wildlife reserves of Central India are Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve
, Pench National Park and Tiger Reserve
, Kanha Tiger Reserve
, Panna National Park
, Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary, Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary, Bori Wildlife Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh, Madhav Shivpuri National Park, Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary and Indravati National Park. The wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forests in the states of Madhya Pradesh
build the centre of the major wildlife destinations in Central India.> Wildlife expeditions deep into the Kanha National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park, Sita Nadi Wildlife Sanctuary, Indravati National Park, and Udanti
Wildlife Sanctuary introduce the travellers to an entire new world of untouched wilderness complete with animals and birds. Interestingly, almost 22 percent of the total population of tigers in India is housed in tiger reserves located in Central India. Besides, the wildlife sanctuaries of Central India also house a captivating variety of animals like wild buffalo, deer, four horned antelope, the mocking hill myna, jackal, wolf
, hyena, sloth bear, wild boar
, wild dog, and bison.
Bandhavgarh National Park located in Madhya Pradesh is one of the best and picturesque tiger reserves of India
. It is located in the picturesque surroundings of the eastern edge of Satpura hill ranges and Vindhya hill ranges. In the year 1968, Bandhavgarh Wildlife Sanctuary was notified as a National Park. Further, in 1993 it was included in the renowned Project Tiger in India
. Bandhavgarh National Park is famous for its tiger populations. White Tigers are the major attractions of Bandhavgarh National Park. Other significant wild animals include Wild dogs, Sloth Bears, Leopards, Rhesus Macaques, Sambar, Chital, Chausingha (4-horned antelope) among others. Moreover, this national park is also home to a sizable population of reptiles and birds. Near about 250 species of birds comprising both resident as well as migratory birds have been listed in this park. Kanha National Park is one of the largest tiger reserves of the country. It is located in Mandla District
of Madhya Pradesh and is known for its outstanding natural beauty and diverse flora and fauna. Kanha National Park is also popular for its tigers. It also houses some endangered species of local herd of Barasinghas (Swamp Deer). Recent surveys show that the total tiger population in this reserve is near about 70 to 75 percent of the total population in the country.
Thus, the wildlife sanctuaries of Central India offer various exploring opportunities including wildlife tours and expedition giving a rewarding experience to all the wildlife enthusiasts.