The total geographical area over which the district of Jhabua is spread is 6793 square kilometers. The total area of this district covered by forest is 645 square kilometers. The Jhabua district is devoid of vegetation cover except Katthiwada and other patches and is full of undulated, hilly areas. The area of this district suffers from poor and skeletal soils with shallow to very shallow depth and erratic rainfall, high temperature, etc. The area comes under Agro-climatic zone number twelve, namely Jhabua hills covering an area which is 1.5 percent of the total geographical area of Madhya Pradesh. The district has three distinct sub zones which are Petlawad (Malwa), Katthiwada (High rainfall) and Jhabua (Low rainfall) zones.
The district of Jhabua in Madhya Pradesh state enjoys a moderate climate and seasons here are well defined. The summers are usually hot, winters are short and the monsoon season is generally pleasant. The average rainfall received by this district is about 800 millimetres. Most of the rainfall occurs during the monsoon season while there is also little rainfall in winter season. The Narmada River is the largest river of the Jhabua district. It flows from east to west along the southern boundary. Some of the other rivers flowing in this district include the Hatni River, Mahi River, Anas River, etc.