(Last Updated on : 01-04-2010)
The Murundas were probably a foreign tribe. They have been mentioned for the first time by under the name Moroundai. Historians have placed the tribe on the western border of the Gangaridai. They seem to have occupied an extensive territory, probably the whole of North Bihar on the east of Ganga River
, as far as the head of the delta. They had six important cities, all to the east of the Ganges: Boraita, Koryagaza, Kondota, Kelyana, Aganagora and Talarga. Historians say that the name of the Marundai has still been preserved in the country of the Mundas, a hill-tribe scattered over Chota-Nagpur and Central India. In the Vishnu Purana
the name of Munda is found as the appellation of a dynasty of eleven princes who succeeded the Tusharas or Tokhari. It may, however, be mentioned that the Marundas are referred to in the Vayu Purana as one of the Mleccha tribes.
The Abhidhanachintamani of Hemachandra has identified the Murundas with the Lampakas. The Lampakas were located near the source of the modern Kabul River in the region around lyaghman, and it, therefore, follows that the Murundas had a settlement in this region as well. It has also been said that Murundas also had settlement in the farthest south. This can be said because in one of the regions of Kerala
in south India the Murundas had a settlement.
It can be said that among the foreign potentates who had come of their own accord to offer allegiance to Samudragupta were the ' Saka-Murundas'.
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