In Hinduism it is assumed that the Skambha or Stambha functions as an attachment, which joins the heaven (Swarga) and the earth (Prithvi). Thus Skambha is the guardian and keeper of the pillars which hold up the heaven above the earth or the supporter of the universe. Skambha is referred in many Hindu texts. In the Atharva Veda, Skambha is described as a celestial Skambha that is a scaffold, which supports the cosmos and material creation.
In Indian architecture and sculpture, various types of Stambhas or Skambhas have been mentioned and they serve different purpose. Flagstaffs are Skambhas which are called dhvaja stamnhas and are placed opposite the main shrine, on an axis with the main god/goddess. Another type of Skambhas is Kirttistambhas. These are vertical in shape and are the logos to memorialize victories. Most famous stambhas or Skambhas of India are the ones erected during the reign of Ashoka the Great, bearing different types of royal edicts.
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