The eight emotions are nakai i.e. humour, azhukai i.e. sorrow, ilivaral i.e. satire, marutkai i.e. innocent confusion, accam i.e. fear, perumitam i.e. pride, vekuli i.e. anger, and uvakai i.e. joy. Scholars have compared them to the eight rasas of Sanskrit aesthetics. The ninth, santa rasa, of stillness and calm, which may have evolved in later classical times, is not mentioned as a separate meyppattu i.e. 'physicalization of feeling' in this work. The emotions are also conventionally classified according to the aintinai, the five ecological zones into which Tamils divided their landscape. Tolkappiyar's formula suggests that only persons with precise sensibilities of the eye and ear could receive these emotions. This section helps in actors' training.
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