Knowledge of the strategic location of Patnagarh is a must for better identification of the specific town. It is placed approximately at 20.72° N 83.15° E. It also rises to a height of 243 meters or 797 feet above the mean sea level.
After conducting surveys the demographers have brought out certain facts that are related to its demographical details. In this regard a special mentioning may be made of the Census report. It was published in the year 2001 and throws light on certain facts like literacy rate, population status etc. According to this report, the total population of Patnagarh has been enumerated to be 18,685. Out of it, male populace comprises of 51 % . In comparison the total population of female is less. It constitutes 49 % only. In Patnagarh, children who are below six years of age constitute 11 % of the total population.
Literacy rate too acts as vital information about Patnagarh. As per this report, its average literacy rate constitutes 67 %, which is even higher than 59.5 %, India's average literacy rate. Male are quite erudite. It is quite evident from its high literacy rate. Just like population status, female literacy also is quite less than their male counterparts. In other words, 76 %, and 57 % are the rates of male and female literacy respectively. Interesting facts also can be known about the history of Patnagarh. Experts said that Patnagarh is the former capital city of Patna kingdom.
Special attraction is the Pataneswari temple whose origin dates back to the fourteenth century. Ramai Deo, the 1st Chauhan ruler, constructed it. Primitive monuments also are built here. They also have drawn the attention of the tourists. For facilitating accessibility, Patnagarh is well connected by railways. Balangir Railway Station lies in the vicinity.
From the perspective of the whole of Balangir district few more lines can also be added. It is a wealth of minerals like graphite, limestone, granite and many more. Naturally mineral based industrial units also have flourished here by leaps and bounds.