(Last Updated on : 10-06-2017)
Japa Yoga or Japa Meditation refers to a particular form of yoga
, where reciting a specific mantra
whilst concentrating is the basic crux. The word Japa is a Sanskrit
term which means to utter in low voice or internally mutter.
While Japa is the repetition of mantra, Dhyana
is meditation of the Lord with all its attributes. Meditation or Dhyana can be therefore combined and can be done with Japa and meditation
(Japa-Sahita- Dhyana). Although Japa can be combined with meditation but Dhyana can be done without Japa (Japa- Sahita- Dhyana).
Types of Japa Yoga
Japa is an important limb of Yoga. There are two kinds of Japa yoga, one is written Japa Yoga and another one is Japa done by recitation of the Mantra. This particular attribute of Japa further makes Japa Yoga a distinct form of meditation.
Benefits of Japa Yoga
Practice of Japa Yoga can give eternal peace, bliss and immortality. It ultimately results in Samadhi
or spiritual union with God
. Japa facilitates concentration, as it is the repetition of any mantra or the name of a particular Lord. Japa is an important part of Yoga and is the spiritual food
for a hungry soul. Japa can be performed while sitting in a meditation posture or as a part of a formal worship in groups.
Method of Japa Yoga
Japa can be done verbally or mentally. In most forms of Japa Yoga, the repetitions are done using a Japa Mala, which is actually a string of beads. In Hinduism
devotees use beads made from Tulsi plant
use Rudraksha Mala
. There are 108 beads in a Japa Mala. The aim of Japa Yoga varies depending on the mantra involved and the religious beliefs of the practitioner.
Mantras for Japa Yoga
The popular Japa mantras for Japa Yoga are,
Hare Krishna Mantra
Gayatri Om Namo Narayana
Pancha Tattva Mantra
Aum Namah Shivaya
Om Mani Padme Hum
Shri Ram Jay Ram Jay Jay Ram
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