(Last Updated on : 27-11-2014)
Idli is an Indian dish mostly consumed in South Indian households as a breakfast item. Idli is healthy and is usually made by steaming a batter consisting of fermented black lentils and rice
It is round in shape, has soft texture and is usually two to three inches in diameter. It can be prepared in various ways. It is immensely popular in Karnataka
, Tamil Nadu
, Andhra Pradesh
and neighbouring countries like Sri Lanka.
History of Idli
According to scholars, idli seems to have originated in Karnataka and was known in India by as early as 700 CE. The earliest mention of idli occurs to be in the Kannada writing called Vaddaradhane by Shivakotiacharya in 920 AD. The preparation of this food item was also found in the earliest available Kannada encyclopaedia, Lokopakara (c. 1025) whose author was Chavundaraya II.
Variation of Idli
Idli is made in various ways because of which it has got different names as well. Like in Karnataka, rava idli is popular which can be prepared using semolina or cream of wheat
Mallige idli, also called jasmine
idli is another popular idli of Karnataka. It is made with beaten rice or poha
, cooked rice, idli rice, sour yoghurt and urad dal. It is simple to prepare and is low on fat.
Then there is plain rice/black lentil idli, kancheepuram idli, stuffed idli with a filling of potato, beans, carrot and masala, ragi idli, pudi idli with the sprinkling of chutney
pudi, malli idli etc are also equally relished.
Following is the recipe describing the ingredients and preparation of plain idli:
Ingredients of Plain Idli:
2 Cup rice
1 Cup urad daal (white)
1and half tbsp salt
A pinch of baking soda
Oil for greasing the pans
Method of Preparing Plain Idli:
Pick, wash and soak the daal overnight or for 8 hours.
Pick, wash and drain the rice. Grind it coarsely in a blender.
Grind the daal into a smooth and frothy paste.
Now mix the grinded rice and daal together into a batter.
Mix the salt and set aside in a warm place for 8-9 hours or overnight for fermenting.
Idlis are ready to be cooked when the batter is well fermented.
Grease the idle holder or pan well and fill each of them with half full of batter.
Steam cook idlis on medium flame for about 10 minutes or until done.
Use a butter knife to remove the idlis.
Idli is usually relished with sambhar
or chutney. It is easy to prepare and is mostly made in home in the South Indian states. Idli is also loved by people of others states of India. Thus, non-south Indian people too can enjoy this at their homes and also at restaurants.