Detailed information about the town is given in the Indian Census report published in 2001. According to the report, Mungeli had a population of 27,387. Out of it, males constitute 52% of the population and females comprises of the remaining 48%. In Mungeli, 13% of the population is less than six years of age. The Census report also provides information about the literacy rate of the city. The literacy rate of Mungeli is 69%, which is higher than the national average literacy rate, which is 59.5%. To be specific, the male literacy rate is 78% and the female literacy rate is 59%.
The place is famous for the cultivation of Karayal or Kalaunji.