As per the Indian Census report of 2001, Makum had a population of 15, 058. Males constitute 53% of the population and females account for the remaining 47%. In Makum, 13% of the population is less than six years of age. The average literacy rate of Makum is 68% which is higher than the national average literacy rate which is 59.5%. To be specific, the male literacy rate is 73% and the female literacy rate is 62%.
The Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, which is one of the nineteen-biodiversity hotspots in the world, is one of the prime attractions of the place. The tea gardens at Doomdooma and Digboi are an ideal retreat for tourists.