(Last Updated on : 21/02/2018)
Koch Tribe is the original tribal group of north-eastern India
. They live in the states
, West Bengal
. The tribe
is believed to be an offshoot of the Garo
. Their original language
is a Tibeto-Burman
dialect but large sections of the group in the 21st century speak Bengali
or other Indo-Aryan languages
Origin of Koch Tribe
The Koch tribe claim that their original home was in the Arbella Hill range of central Garo Hills
. The term Koch is derived from the words Kochimuchi which means shrinkage due to shame.
History of Koch Tribe
After the fall of the Pala dynasty
, the kingdom broke into different areas in the 12th century. In the 16th century, a Koch ruler established the Koch dynasty and they now call themselves Rajbanshi. The first ruler of the Koch dynasty was Vishwa Singha. The earliest known ancestor of Viswa Singha was his father Haria Mandal. Haria Mandal was married to Jira and Hira, daughters of a Koch chief named Hajo, after whom Koch Hajo was named. Viswa Singha's two sons, Nara Narayan and Shukladhwaj (Chilarai), the king and the commander-in-chief of the army respectively, took the kingdom to its zenith. Nara Narayan was impressed by the bhakti
saint Srimanta Sankardeva
who became a member of his court in the last 3 years of his life and who established a sattra in the kingdom. The greatest ruler of the dynasty was Nara Narayan.
Society of Koch Tribe
Koch tribal community use Koch language, which falls in to the famous family
of the Tibeto-Burman languages. The community
members are hard-working and peaceable people. Traditionally, they practice plot alternation type farming
. They are also skilled carpenters, blacksmiths and merchants.
Koch people live in small villages
, which are divided into clans and castes, and are run by a village head. Their different geographical groups are known as 'jai'. These groups are divided into several sub-sections that divide into local ancestry groups. They let marriages
in the same clan. They in huts made of mud or bamboo
with thatched roofs.
Religion of Koch Tribe
The Koch tribe practice some type of tribal religion
, which revolves around a broad number of village and household gods
. They worship the gods of fire
and the forest