(Last Updated on : 17/03/2018)
Mahavir Jayanti is celebrated as the birth of Lord Mahavira
in a small town called Vaishali
. Lord Mahavira was the twenty-fourth and last Tirthankara
. Lord Mahavira is also called as Vardhamana, is regarded as an important propagator of Jainism
, as well as its reformer. He was born to Siddharth and Priyakarani or popularly Trishala Devi.
History of Lord Mahavira
According to Jain texts
, Lord Mahavira was born on the thirteenth day of the bright half of the moon
in the month of Chaitra
in the year 599 BCE. Lord Mahavira was born into Ikshvaku dynasty
, as the son of King Siddhartha of Kundagrama and Queen Trishala. During the pregnancy, the queen is said to have had dreams of fortunate nature. The number of dreams varies in conviction of each faction. After running his kingdom faithfully till 30 years of his age, the great saint gave up all luxuries and comforts of palace for penance.
For twelve long years the saint had been under self-punishment. At this time he was enlightened. He was known to be the 24th and the last tirthankara to have received enlightenment. He gave up all redundancies of life. Getting rid of the basic materials, he focused on the authentic things and the real meaning of life. He sermonized the significance of reality and non-violence with the message of not possessing anything. He later prepared all his teachings into a religion that he named Jainism.
Celebrations and Rituals of Mahavir Jayanti
is celebrated throughout the country among Jain communities
. One of the most important traditions of Mahavir Jayanti is the visit to different tirthankar statues and temples
. There are processions with pictures and images of Lord Mahavira. The temples have varied puja
s to honour the statue of Lord Mahavira by flowers
and abhishek it with milk
. In the temples the core values and message of Lord Mahavira is preached. The event holds special significance in Gujarat
due to the ancient shrines at Girnar
in Gujarat. Mahavir Jayanti is also celebrated at Parasnath Temple in Kolkata
and at Pavapuri