Meena Kumari, Bollywood Actress
Meena Kumari, born as Mahjabeen Bano was given the title The Tragedy Queen for her portrayal of tragic roles.
(Last Updated on : 18/11/2014)
Meena Kumari, real name Mahajabeen Ali Bux, was the daughter of the Parsee theatre actor and music teacher Ali Bux and the dancer Iqbal Begum. She was the third daughter; Khursheed and Madhu were her two elder sisters. Her father was a Parsi theatre and also played harmonium, taught music, and wrote Urdu poetry. He has also appeared in films like Id Ka Chand and composed music for films like Shahi Lutere. Having hit upon hard times and living near Rooptara Studios, Ali Bux sought to get his daughters into films. Mahjabeen entered films as Baby Meena in Vijay Bhatt's Leatherface (1939). At that moment she was only offered mythological movies like Veer Ghatotkach (1949), Shri Ganesh Mahima (1950), and fantasy movies like Alladin and The Wonderful Lamp. Meena Kumari was given the title 'The Tragedy Queen' for her portrayal of tragic roles.
Film Career of Meena Kumari
Meena Kumari got her major breakthrough in Vijay Bhatt's movie Baiju Bawra
(1952). She became the first woman to achieve a Filmfare award for the movie.
Meena Kumari was famous for her tragic roles in films like Parineeta (1953), Do Bigha Zameen (1953), Ek Hi Raasta (1956), Sharda (1957), and Dil Apna Aur Preet Parayi (1960). The tragic dimensions to her screen persona were further confirmed by successes like Kamal Amrohi
's Daera (1953), Bimal Roy
's Yahudi (1958), and Guru Dutt
's Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam (1962). However, the actress has also depicted light-hearted roles as well like Azaad (1955), Miss Mary (1957), Shararat (1959) and Kohinoor (1960). After a gap of four years Kumari starred in hit movies like Dil Ek Mandir (1963), Kaajal (1965), and Phool Aur Patthar (1966). All the movies earned her Filmfare nominations. Her next two movies Chandan Ka Palna and Majhli Didi did not do well. However apart from such roles, her most famous film, till date remains Pakeezah (1971), which was made by her husband Kamal Amrohi.
They had separated but reconciled their differences to complete the film which saw the light of the day after fourteen years. Pakeezah
became a box-office superhit after her death and she has since acquired the legendary status. The movie is regarded as one of her best film till date.
Meena Kumari married Kamal Amrohi in 1952 who was fifteen years elder to her but their relationship did not persist. Soon the couple divorced each other. Grieved by her separation, she resorted to drinking. Towards the end of 1970s Meena Kumari was extremely sick and had to be admitted to hospital. She died on March 31, 1972 of cirrhosis of the liver. Kumari left bits and pieces of Urdu poetry for Gulzar
. Meena Kumari's last film was Gomti Ke Kinare (1972). Tanha Chand, a collection of her Urdu poems under the pseudonym Naaz was compiled by Gulzar and published after her death. She has also recorded a disc of her Urdu poems, I write, I recite with music by Khayyam.
Awards and Honours of Meena Kumari
1954 Filmfare Best Actress Award - Baiju Bawra
1955 Filmfare Best Actress Award - Parineeta
1963 Filmfare Best Actress Award - Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam
1966 Filmfare Best Actress Award - Kaajal
Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards
Meena Kumari has won several awards at the Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards (BFJA)
1963 Best Actress (Hindi): Aarti
1965 Best Actress (Hindi): Dil Ek Mandir
Special Award: Pakeezah
Filmography of Meena Kumari
||Dushmun, Mere Apne
||Baadbaan, Chandni Chowk, Ilzam
||Jawab, Saat Phere
||Daera, Dana Paani, Do Bigha Zamin, Foot Path, Naulakha Haar, Parineeta
||Abhilasha, Baharon Ki Manzil
||Aladdin Aur Jadui Chirag, Baiju Bawra, Tamasha
||Bahu Begum, Chandan Ka Palna, Majhli Didi, Noorjehan
||Hanumaan Pataal Vijay, Lakshmi Narayan, Madhosh, Sanam
||Phool Aur Patthar, Pinjre Ke Panchhi
||Anmol Ratan, Hamara Ghar, Magroor, Shri Ganesh Mahima
||Bheegi Raat, Jadui Angoothi, Kaajal, Purnima
||Maain Bhi Ladki Hun, Benazir, Chitralekha, Gazal, Sanjh Aur Savera
||Akeli Mat Jaiyo, Dil Ek Mandir, Kinare Kinare
||Piya Ghar Aaja
||Aarti film, Main Chup Rahungi, Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam
||Bachchon Ka Khel, Duniya Ek Sarai
||Bhabhi Ki Chudiyan, Pyaar Ka Saagar, Zindagi Aur Khwab
||Bahaana, Dil Apna Aur Preet Parai, Kohinoor
||Ardhangini, Chand, Char Dil Char Raahein, Chirag Kahan Roshni Kahan, Jagir, Madhu, Satta Bazaar, Shararat
||Farishta, Sahara, Savera, Yahudi
||Bahen, Kasauti, Nai Roshni
||Miss Mary, Sharada
||Ek Hi Bhool, Pooja
||Bandhan, Ek-Hi-Rasta, Halaku, Mem Sahib, Naya Andaz, Shatranj
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