(Last Updated on : 24/07/2013)
Materials for Indian clothing like crepe, cotton
, georgette, silk, brocade, tissue, satin, polyester and organza produce diverse types of Indian costume which reflect the diversity of Indian culture
s and regions. Indian menswear and ladies-wear consist of various types of designs and styles, which all depend on the kind of the basic materials utilized in weaving them. Different states of India manufacture Indian costumes with the aide of several types of materials, which vary according to the customs of the local communities and their traditions.
Cotton is an ancient material for weaving several types of Indian clothes. Lightweight salwar-kameez
have been used by Indian women since ages since it is a very fine fibre. Cotton dresses are quite comfortable and easy to wash, besides their strong durability. The different types of cotton fabrics which are used to manufacture clothes are Pure Cotton, South Cotton, Mix Cotton, Crush Cotton, Ahmedabad
Cotton and Rajasthan
i Cotton. As the general Indian climate
is hot and humid, Indians prefer wearing cotton fabrics as they keep the bodies cool.
Woven with silk fibres, crepe is mainly used while weaving suits and bridal-wear in India. Though crepe was originally woven in silk, today one can avail of crepe-made Indian costumes in some major fibres.
A fusion of polyester and nylon is utilized to manufacture georgette materials. Its softness, gracefulness and delicate look impresses Indian women, which is the reason behind the numerous kinds of Indian clothes
made of georgette
like sarees, etc.
Silk is considered one of the eternal favourites among all the Indian clothing materials. This luxurious fabric is used to weave a wide variety of Indian clothes like sarees, modern tops, salwar kameez and others. Its lustrous appearance makes almost every Indian garment quite admirable.
The fabrics of silk and nylon are combined to create chiffon. Chiffon is a transparent material which imparts an elegant physical appearance to it. However, despite its delicate feel, it is strong and durable, which is the primary reason for its use in innumerable Indian clothes.
Satin is manufactured in almost a similar technique as the fibre of cotton. This material possesses a soft luster.
Heavy silk fabric, adorned with beautiful floral designs, woven with the help of silver or gold
threads. Jacquard and ornamental brocades are in high demand throughout the country. Contrasting colours are used on brocade materials to create attractive Indian clothes.
This material is woven completely from polyester whose major feature is its resistance to wrinkles. Clothes made from tissues can be washed in machines and is also dry cleanable. Cotton tissues and silk tissues are the popular tissue materials in India.
A unique mesh-like look is lent by this open fabric which is made by joining the intersections in a crocheted manufacturing process. India clothes like lehenga-choli
, dupattas of certain salwar kameez, sari and numerable other clothes use net materials.
Polyester, silk, rayon and nylon are the basic materials used to manufacture a crisp and lightweight fabric called organza.
Polyesters are synthetic, artificial fibres which possess certain features like increased strength as compared to other materials for making clothes, minimum care requirement, abrasion resistant and many other qualities.
The fabrics and textile of Indian clothes determine the external appearance and feel of the final products. Since India was the very first place which grew cotton, Indian garments like dhotis and saris were primarily made from cotton. Silk was another popular basic material of most of the Indian costumes. Moss crepe, denim, rayon and gold are other commonly utilized materials in Indian dresses. Sarees, salwar kameez and many other items of Indian clothing consist of golden threads, golden 'zari' work, and golden ornaments.