(Last Updated on : 21/08/2012)
Premendra Mitra is a celebrated name among Bengali literature lovers. His writings contain wit, humour and also carry a social message. Premendra Mitra was a prominent Bengali novelist, short story writer and poet. During his lifetime he created many engaging stories and authored many Bangla thrillers and fictions.
Premendra Mitra, whose father was a government employee at the Indian Railways, was born in Varanasi
, India. And because of his fathers transferable jobs he had the opportunity to travel to many places in India. As a student, he first went to South Suburban School (Mains), and then graduated from Calcutta's Scottish Church College
. In the initial stages of his career he unsuccessfully aspired to be a doctor, then went on to become a school teacher, in the middle he even tried his hand in business as well which, as it turned out, was also unsuccessful. After trying out many occupations he finally tasted success in writing, and became an author of novels and poems in Bengali Literature
. He was also a Bengali professor at City College in North Kolkata
He was an avid reader and a creative brain, who penned down many engaging write ups in Bengali. He was the editor of news magazine and Bengali journals like Kali Kalam, Kollol, Banglar Kotha, Songbad, Bongobani and many others. His initial poems, which were better known for its wit, humour and sharpness, got published in 'Probashi' (The Exile) in 1922. In his works one will come across many social messages where he empathised with the proletariats, for their sufferings.
His short stories were innovative and well structured and encompassed the striking divergent in the urban Indian society. Most of his works dealt with the issues of caste, religion, poverty degradation, rationality and other intermittent conflicts that were prevalent in Indian society during that period. In his work he often tried to experiment with various stylistic nuances and often tried alternative linguistic approach. Two of his most renowned works are Mangalbairi and Piprey Puran. Both these stories have a common theme, where the author warns mankind of ultimate depletion, humans getting endangered and plants and trees getting extinct.
These two works, which are very popular among the Bengali speaking teenagers and school students, are equally well taken among the older generations of literature aficionados. Well the other most popular creation is the character of Ghanada. This character is popular and has been successful in striking a chord in the minds of readers. Ghanada's apparently uninterested demeanour, unemployment, talent to weave adventure and ability to think at the drop of a hat; has been enough to engage readers. Added to it his adventures always revolve around science, geography, history, crime, human psychology, meta-physics and philosophy. All the facts in Ghanada's adventure story are amazingly accurate. Lots of food for thought!
Premendra Mitra's writings reflect the larger picture of the society; its change and transformation over the years. Through Ghanada, Premendra Mitra has tried to take at dig at the urban middle class people, dwelling in Bengal during his time, who lived life through the pages of books without any practical knowledge about the world.
Premendra Mitra's another masterpiece include the character of "Mejokorta", a "Bhootshikari" or a ghost hunter by profession. The series of Mejokorta, though not as long as Ghanada, has successfully left a mark in the minds of Bengal literary lovers.
Premendra Mitra is a popular literary figure whose works have been included in the curriculum of school and college levels.