Lace Handicraft in India is not a very ancient phenomenon. Some of the best examples are in cotton, silk, and gold and silver thread among the Prince of Wales` presents from Tinnevelly and Nagercoil in Chennai
. A white lace called gota, and a colored variety, called pattia are specialities of Punjab
. Lace work is done with thin threads and woven with thin stainless steel crochet needles of different sizes. The thread is made out of superior grade cotton.
Lace work is used as a sequin with cloth to make bedspreads, pillow covers, curtains, frocks, skirts, waistcoats and dupattas. Lace works are also made as telephone covers, tea cosy, mats for dressing table wall hangings. In Delhi
is located the great depot of the crafts of gold lace weaving, spangle-making and gilt embroidery. In Lucknow
the major varieties of lace formed from gold and silver wire are lachka, kalabatu and lais. In lachka the warp is made of silver-gilt strips that are woven with a bark of silk. It is stamped with patterns in high relief as well as widely used for edging turbans and petticoats. In kalabatu, strips of gilded silver are twisted spirally round threads of yellow silk and thereafter woven into a tape. In lais the woof is of made of wire and the warp of silk.
The artisans of Murshidabad
are renowned for gold and silver lace making embroidery. The making of gold and silver thread, gold and silver lace, gold and tin foil, all manner of tinsel ornaments, is the thriving industry in Ahmedabad
, Surat and Pune
. In Mumbai too gold and silver threads are manufactured and used for lace. The richest and expensive prized border is the shikar pattern made in Pune. In south gold and silver lace are made largely at Dindigul, Bengaluru
, Vishakapatnam and other places.
Narsapur in Andhra Pradesh
is known for crochet lace products. The areas in and around Narsapur, villages like Sitarampuram, Palakol, Venkatrayapalem, Antarvedi, Royapet, Mogaltur are known for lace Handicraft. They specialize in lace work and products like dollies, furnishings, garments and tablemats. This craft was introduced by a couple from Scotland and is carried out in Palakol areas of West Godavari District
and Razole Taluk of East Godavari District. The lace work is also available in different colours like pink, green and mustard, beige and white. It is also available in different shapes such as round, oval, oblong, square and rectangle.