Indian State Forces, Indian Army - Informative & researched article on Indian State Forces, Indian Army
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Administration


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Indian Administration > Indian Armed Forces > Indian Army > History of Indian Army > Indian Army during British Rule > Indian State Forces
Indian State Forces, Indian Army
Indian State Forces during the British rule were arrangements under which forces were maintained by the Indian States. These Indian State Forces formed the nucleus of the defence forces of the country
 
 Lord WellesleyIndian State Forces, until the year 1947, formed an important adjunct of the defence forces in India. They originated with the implementation of the Subsidiary Alliances by Lord Wellesley. As in some cases the States were unable to ensure regular finances for these forces, large tracts of land were ceded for maintenance. In most of the cases the revenues of these lands far exceeded the actual requirements. The Indian State Forces were employed outside the respective states also. Officers in these armies were paid very liberal allowances. This salary of commandant of the Hyderabad Contingent far exceeded even the pay of the Commander-in-Chief in India.

As more demands were placed on these forces their organisation and training was brought on the same lines as the regular Indian Army. Later they were termed as the Imperial Service Troops. To ensure a uniform standard the Commander-in-Chief exercised a general supervision and control over these forces. For this purpose nucleus staffs were appointed under the Military Adviser in Chief. Each state was provided with a Military Adviser and Assistant Military Adviser.

Before the 1914-18 War near about 29 states maintained these forces. By 1914 these numbered about 22,500. They were further re-organised after the War and classified into three categories. Class `A` troops were organised on the lines of the Indian army with similar establishment, weapons and equipment. Class `B` troops were a little inferior to Class `A`. Class `C` was all militia battalions which were not permanently embodied. Their organisation and standard of training was inferior to Class B troops. In the year 1923 the Indian State Forces consisted of about 27,000 men. During the 1939-45 War also these forces fought side by side with the Indian army units in many a campaign and theatre and distinguished themselves very well. With the attainment of independence the maintenance of such forces became an anomaly and they were slowly absorbed in the present army as far as possible.

Travancore State Forces have a long and glorious past. In the year 1934, when the State joined the Indian State Forces Scheme, the Nayar Brigade was merged with the Travancore State Forces and trained under selected Indian Officers. On merger of the state with the Indian Union, the 1st Battalion was amalgamated with The Madras Regiment as its 9th Battalion and the 2nd as the 16th Battalion. Cochin State Forces is also known for its glorious history. In 1934, on the State joining the State Forces Scheme, it was re-designated as 1st Cochin Infantry, eventually becoming the 17th (Cochin) Battalion. The credit for the organisation and equipping of Mysore`s forces is attributed to Hyder Ali. After the fall of Tipu Sultan, most of his forces were disbanded. A few retained components along with the infantry were re-organised and were eventually called the Mysore Infantry.

(Last Updated on : 09/11/2010)
More Articles in Indian Army during British Rule  (6)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Administration
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was the second President of India notable for his huge knowledge in philosophy. His birthday is known as Teacher’s Day.
Territorial Army in India
Territorial Army in India is an organization consisting of volunteers who are trained in military techniques and are assembled for the defence of the nation in case of an emergency.
Sahitya Akademi Awards in Santhali
Sahitya Akademi Awards in Santhali recognized the talent of the composers.
Sahitya Akademi Awards in Marathi
Sahitya Akademi Awards in Marathi literature had received overwhelming response and respect from every Indian corner.
Bapu Gayadhani Award
Bapu Gayadhani Award is given to the heroic children in India .
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Indian Administration
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Indian State Forces, Indian Army - Informative & researched article on Indian State Forces, Indian Army
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.