Peacock Flower Tree - Informative & researched article on Peacock Flower Tree
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesFlora & Fauna


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Flora & Fauna > Indian Flowers > Peacock Flower Tree
Peacock Flower Tree
The `Peacock Flower Tree` is very much popular in India and also in all of the tropical and sub-tropical countries.
 
 Peacock Flower TreeAs the `Peacock Flower Tree` has a lot of similarity with the Gul Mohr tree, the village people make a mistake very often in differentiating these two trees. The tree is named as `Caesalpinia Pulcherrima` in science. The name `Caesalpinia` honours a 16th C. botanist and philosopher Andrea Caesalpini and `Pulcherrima` means the "most beautiful". It derived from the famous family of `Leguminosae` and its sub family is `Caesalpineae`. The tree is very common and famous in India and hence got a name in almost every language that is spoken in India. In Hindi, it is called as `Kunish Churin`. The Bengali people know it as `Krishna Chura` and `Radha Chura`. The tree is named as `Komri` in Tamil. It is also known as `Barbados Pride` in English.

The form and growth of this nice shrub are quite unlike the other tree and the flowers. The flowers of this tree are smaller in size and are grouped differently. Nobody can justify its native country, but it was about 1680 that this tree was recorded as growing in the gardens of India. At present, the `Peacock Flower Tree` is popular in all of the tropical and sub-tropical countries. The other variety of the tree, the pure yellow and bright orange-red coloured types are equally popular. People like the bright and exciting colours of these flowers. It is considered as the showiest of the forty odd species of `Caesalpinia`.

This tree can rise up to 25 m and its low branches form an open and spreading bush. The foliage of this tree is clear green and feathery and remains topped with broad spires of blossoms practically throughout the year. The bark is pale in colour and downy. It is often marked with blackish spots and also armed with solid prickles. These prickles rise from round protuberance. The young branches of the `Peacock Flower Tree` are smooth and green coloured. The leaves are large and bear long stems. They are bi-pinnate and they grow opposite at wide intervals. They also bear twelve to eighteen pinnas. Each of the pinnas bears from twenty to forty little, oblong leaflets. The leaflets have very slightly lobed ends. They are smooth and dull and the underside is significantly paler.

Peacock Flower Tree The larger sprays of flowers appear at the ends of the branches and they are often sub-divided into smaller sprays. Their shapes of the buds are like eggs and they are borne on long, slim stems along with the open flowers. In the red variety of the `Peacock Flower Tree`, the edged flowers are of orange red in colour and also marked with deep yellow. With the course of time, they become completely red. The flowers bear five spoon-shaped petals and amongst them, one is smaller in size and shaped differently. However, all of them have wrinkled edges. The calyx is red and orange coloured and it has five long lobes. The lobes spread out to show between the petals. Ten very long stamens give the sprays a whiskery appearance. They are red coloured in the red flowers and yellow in the yellow variety. The flowers are strangely curled and twisted on opening.

The pods of the tree are straight and slim and about 7.5 cm in length. As the legends connect the `Peacock Flower Tree` with God Shiva, all the Hindus think it as very much sacrosanct. All parts of the tree have some kind of medicinal uses. The leaves are taken as a replacement for senna and they are an efficient purgative as well. It is also claimed that as a fomentation they can heal wounds. The roots are considered to be a bit poisonous, but like many other poisons, it can also be applied as a tonic if taken in suitably small quantities. People make ink from the burnt wood as well. The `Peacock Flower Tree` produces a great quantity of seeds and you can find the self-sown seedlings quite frequently. The tree starts flowering when its only eight months old and it is amazingly drought resisting. The characteristic of pruning regularly after flowering helps it to avoid becoming messy.

(Last Updated on : 29/06/2013)
More Articles in Indian Flowers  (19)
 
Roses  (2)
 
Jasmine  (1)
 
 
Lotus  
 
Rose  
 
 
Bulbs  
 
Recently Updated Articles in Flora & Fauna
Jawahar Deer Park
Jawahar Deer Park, popularly known as Shamirpet Deer Park is the paradise for the deer and other local birds.
Mrugavani National Park
Mrugavani National Park, in Hyderabad, shelters a large assortment of flora and fauna in an urban forest eco-system.
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park, in Hyderabad, is the abode of diverse flora and fauna offering a close rendezvous with nature to the tourists. It also hosts the famous Chiran Palace.
Siju Bird Sanctuary
Siju Bird Sanctuary, in Meghalaya, is the home to a large assortment of avian species including the native as well as migratory ones. Several rare birds also inhabit the sanctuary.
Kotagarh Wildlife Sanctuary
Kotagarh Wildlife Sanctuary, in Odisha, is a spectacular wildlife reserve which hosts a rich biodiversity amid a wondrous landscape. It is also the centre of various research works and breeding programs.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Flora & Fauna
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Peacock Flower Tree - Informative & researched article on Peacock Flower Tree
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.