Sora language is one of the popular Indian tribal languages. It is a part of the Munda language group of India. Sora language is mainly spoken in eastern region of India that is in the state of Orissa
mainly in its Ganjam district
, Phulbani district and Koraput district
. It is spoken by a huge range of its native people. Sora language is also known as Shabari, Sabar, Saora, Saonras, Savara, Sawaria, Saura, Swara and Sabara. Apart from Orissa, Sora language is also spoken by the members of tribal communities of the state of Andhra Pradesh
mainly its Srikakulam district
, Tamil Nadu
, Madhya Pradesh
, West Bengal
and also in some areas of the state of Assam. However, Savara language is the alternative name used for Sora language but it must be noted that it is not similar to the Dravidian Savara language, which is spoken in region, across the border between the states of Orissa and Andhra Pradesh.
Sora language is written by using Telugu script and the Latin alphabets. It is also written by using the Sorang Sompeng script, which was developed for this language in the year 1936. Further, Sora language was considered as one of the subjects of the American documentary film titled `The Linguists` of the year 2008. In this documentary film two linguists attempted to document various declining languages. Specifically, the Sora language is a member of the Southern Munda subgroup of the Munda branch of the Austro-Asiatic language family. The Sora people are an indigenous people of the country. The ancestors of the Sora people settled in India much before the coming of the Aryan and Dravidian people, who actually dominate them presently. Sora people along with the associated Munda group are racially as well as linguistically connected to several Mon-Khmer people consisting of the Cambodians.
Sora language is a member of the family of Munda language and it is one of the two members of this group other being the Gorum or Parengi language. Sora language is however thriving in several areas. It is basically an oral language. Interestingly, it is not written or read extensively. The texts in Sora language exist in regionally dominant scripts of Oriya language
and Telugu language