Architecture Of Jaipur - Informative & researched article on Architecture Of Jaipur
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Monuments


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
Indian Crafts|Indian Monuments|Indian Dances|Indian Festivals|Indian Paintings|Indian Photography|Indian Sculpture
Home > Art & Culture > Indian Monuments > Arts in India > Indian Architecture > History of Indian Architecture > Architecture Of West India > Architecture Of Rajasthan > Architecture Of Jaipur
Architecture Of Jaipur
Architecture of Jaipur consists of the massive forts, splendid palaces, exquisite temples and lush gardens.
 
 Architecture Of JaipurJaipur which is also referred to as the Pink City is noted for its architectural wonder. The architecture of this capital city of Rajasthan is a beautiful fusion of yesteryears and modern architectural pattern. This city, with its well planned roads, can be compared with recently designed cities. It has earned the name Pink City, because most of the buildings have been painted pink. The main architectural creations of Jaipur are the amber fort palace, the City palace, the Jantar Mantar and the Hawa Mahal. The city is a square, eight hundred meters on each side and is divided into nine parts. The palace is located in the central, along with the unique Jantar Mantar.

The capital city of Rajasthan was founded by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II of Amber in the year 1727. The very structure of Jaipur resembles the taste of the Rajputs and the Royal families. The King consulted several books on architecture and architects before making the lay out of Jaipur. The city was constructed following the principles of Shilpa Shastra, the Indian Architecture. The city witnessed a rapid growth in the 19th century. The architectural plan of Jaipur is regarded as one of the best in the Indian sub continent. Although the present city has expanded from outside of its walls, the original planning was done with the city within the walls. The gates were used to be closed at sunset and opened at sunrise.
Architecture Of Jaipur
The City palace built by Sawai Jai Singh is Islamic in style and appeals to the senses with its excellent design. The Hawa Mahal is another arresting piece of architecture set up by Sawai Jai Singh. It is a five-storey structure of sandstone-plastered pink covered with fine trelliswork and intricate balconies. Hawa Mahal is just a facade, with stone lattice screens and windows facing the main street, from where royal ladies could gaze at the bustling town without showing themselves. The Jantar Mantar is inside the palace quarters. The architecture of the building is inspired by Islamic traditional natural sciences but it is not built in a traditional style. It has been built on the basis of the requirements of natural sciences and as a result has given a unique architectural marvel that is more at home in the modern era.

The Royal Chhatris of Jaipur are 18th century Rajput architecture. Because of the Islamic influence, various Rajputs started building tombs, but since they were Hindus, they are all empty cenotaphs. These open Chhatri type tombs are of white marble, with the domes supported on pillars. These domes standing on four or more pillars came to be called chhatris and later, even the tombs were called chhatris. Decorative pavilions on top of buildings are also called chhatris.

Among the exquisite temples there is the Govind Dev Ji temple which is located in the City palace complex of Jaipur. Galtali in Jaipur which is an ancient Hindu pilgrimage site comprises temples, pavilions, natural springs and holy 'kunds'. The main temple has several pavilions with rounded roofs, exquisitely carved pillars and painted walls. The temple is surrounded by natural springs and reservoirs that are considered to be holy.
Architecture Of Jaipur
The city of Jaipur has a number of beautiful gardens that are truly a visual delight to the eyes of the visitors. The celebrated gardens of Jaipur include Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh, Vidyadhar Gardens and Kanak Vrindavan. These gardens are positively green retreats and gives solace in the barren lands of Rajasthan.

Architecture of Jaipur encompasses a huge array of architectural creations. The variety of structural designs ranges from the majestic temples, the beautiful gardens and the grand palaces. With such a rich architectural heritage Jaipur is a major place of tourist interest.

(Last Updated on : 26/02/2014)
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
More Articles in Architecture Of Rajasthan  (3)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Monuments
Kondapalli Fort
Kondapalli Fort is a formidable edifice built by the Reddy dynasty of Kondaveedu in Andhra Pradesh. It is situated on the main hill range known as Kodapalli in the Krishna district.
Thirumayam Fort
Thirumayam Fort located in Pudukkottai District in Tamil Nadu was constructed by Vijaya Raghunatha Sethupathi in 1687. Also known as Oomayan Kottai, it is known for its architectural grandeur.
Fort St. David
Fort St. David is an ancient fort located in Tamil Nadu. Built by a Hindu merchant, it was owned by the British in the year 1785.
Fort of Ladnun
Fort of Ladnun, built in Rajasthan, exemplifies the architectural beauty of the Muslim period. Parts of the building had been constructed during the reign of Firoz Khan II.
Jami Masjid
Jami Masjid is a small mosque built within a fort by Haji Ilyas Sheikh in 1350 A.D. The Jami Masjid is situated at Hajipur in Patna.
Forum
Forum on Indian Monuments
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Art & Culture
 
 
Architecture Of Jaipur - Informative & researched article on Architecture Of Jaipur
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.