(Last Updated on : 25/11/2009)
The entrance tests for entering the renowned medical colleges of the country are conducted on a national level as well as on a state level basis. Moreover, apart from this, some leading national level institutions conduct their own entrance examinations. Students need to remember that the exam is entirely based on the syllabus of 12th standard. A week after the declaration of the senior secondary school leaving results, the students, who are interested in venturing into the Medical field, need to appear for the medical entrance examinations. They are mainly organized by the conducting boards or organizations at the All India Level or State Level.
The main aim or objective of these medical entrance tests is to select the suitable candidates for admission in different professional medicine courses available in different medical colleges & hospitals. The medical courses are available at various degree levels at diploma, degree, post-diploma, postgraduate degree as well as research level. If the name a student figures in the merit list of an entrance examination on the basis of his/her merit, then that student would be placed on a platform from where one can choose a number of career options that are available in the field of medicine. In India, there are numerous medical entrance exams and a candidate willing to take admission in any medical college and hospital of the country can choose to appear for any of the medical entrance examinations.
The information regarding the announcement of application forms and last date of submission are given in the leading newspapers of the country and also on the official websites of the conducting boards. For instance, announcements for All India Pre-medical Examination usually come in the month of January and the exams are conducted in the months of March or April. Similarly, state level medical entrance examinations are announced in around January and are organized in between March and April. The entrance tests conducted by the national level medical institutes are announced usually in January- March and they are actually conducted in between May and June.
A candidate who has cleared the 10+2 or any equivalent examination with a combination of Physics, Chemistry and Biology is eligible to appear for the tests.
Pattern of Examination
There are generally two stages for conducting the medical entrance examinations and these are -
Preliminary Examination, which is basically an objective paper of 3 hours duration. It comprises around 200 multiple choice type questions from core science subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology.
Final Examination, it is too an objective paper of 3 hours duration. It consists of 200 multiple-choice questions from science subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology and it also comprises Intelligence, Logic & Reasoning and English Language comprehension.
All the questions are of equal marks.
There is no defined syllabus as far as the medical entrance test is concerned. However, the questions are generally based on the level of 11th and 12th standards taught under various boards throughout India. The medical entrance examination comprises sections with an extensive coverage of the following sections -
Logic & Reasoning
English Language Comprehension
Measurement, Motion, Optics, Kinetic Theory of Gases, Physics of the Atom, Thermodynamics, Electricity, Electro-Magnetic Induction, Solids, Nuclear Physics, Electronic Devices.
General & Inorganic Chemistry - Structure of Atom, Molecule and Chemical Bond, Periodic Properties of Elements, Chemistry of Elements and Compounds.
Organic Chemistry - Introduction, Nomenclature of organic-compounds, etc.
Physical Chemistry - State of Matter, Energetics, Chemical Equilibrium
Histology, Anatomy and Physiology, Reproductive System, Developmental Biology, Diversity of Animal Life, Genetics and Evolution
Anatomy and Physiology of Plants, Systematics, Systems, Man and Environment, Cell Biology-Elementary, Genetics, Development Biology, Botany and Human Welfare.
The scores obtained in the written examination decide the selection of the candidates. After clearing the Entrance tests, the candidate is called in for counselling, after which the candidate is given admission in a medical school. At the time of admissions, the selected candidates are required to bring certain documents like mark sheets, school leaving certificates, age-proof, etc.
List of Medical Entrance Examinations
All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Entrance Exam (AIPMT)
All-India Institute of Medical Sciences Entrance Exam
All India Common Entrance Examination (AICEE), by Veterinary Council of India
Armed Forces Medical Core Entrance (AFMC)
State Medical Entrance Exams
Medical entrance examinations measure the student's capability, reasoning power and knowledge skills in the concerned subject. These medical entrance tests make the way towards a highly demanding and challenging profession in the field of medicine.