(Last Updated on : 17/04/2009)
The city of Ajmer can be redefined as the green oasis amidst the barren hills of Rajasthan, which forms a part of the Indian subcontinent. This land of composite cultures was founded by Raja Ajay Pal Chauhan in the 7th century A.D. Ajmer continued to be a major center of the Chauhan power till the period when monarch of the Chauhan
dynasty Prithviraj Chauhan lost it to Mohammed Ghauri. It is since that time that the land of Ajmer
became home to many dynasties, which came and left behind indelible marks of their individual culture and traditions on the history of this famous city.
In the recent times Ajmer has become one of the most popular pilgrimage for both the Hindu as well as the Muslim community. This land is particularly famous for the Dargah Sharif Tomb of the much popular Sufi saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti and is frequently visited with much veneration. Another place of pilgrimage in Ajmer
is Pushkar also believed to be the abode of Lord Brahma, which lies in the western part of the region with a temple and picturesque lake. It is regarded as a very important religious place for the Hindus. This place is also popular all over India for the camel fair. The city of Ajmer is also believed to be blessed with lakes, which are again bounded by beautiful hills and hillocks. The other places of interest around the city of Ajmer in Rajasthan
are Mangliyawas, Badnor, Beawar, Kishangarh
Geography of Ajmer
Ajmer is a city in Rajasthan state situated on the lower slopes of Aravalli Range. To the North of the city is the artificial lake called Anasagar. Ajmer is situated in the center of Rajasthan and is surrounded by the districts of Jaipur and Tonk towards the East and by trhe district of Pali in the West. The north boundaries of the district is touched by Nagpur and the south by Bhilwara district. Ajmer is situated at 26° 27, N. lat. and 74° 44, E.
History of Ajmer
It was in tenth century that Ajmer was founded. The city was founded by Raja Ajay Pal Chauhan. It was he who established the Chauhan dynasty. In 1193, Ajmer was conquered by Muhammad
of Ghor,the founder of the Delhi Sultanate. The internal rule of the government was handed over to the Chauhan rulers upon the payment of a heavy tribute to the conquerors. Until 1365, Ajmer remained a feudatory of Delhi and was captured by the ruler of Mewar. In 1532, Ajmer was conquered by the Marwar ruler.
In 1559, Ajmer was under the domination of Akbar and continued to be in the hands of Mughals. In 1770, Ajmer was ceded to the Marathas. Till 1818, Ajmer was the scene of an ongoing struggle. Ajmer was seized at different times by the Mewar and the Marwar Maharajas, from whom it was often retaken by the Marathas. In 1818, the Marathas deplorably sold Ajmer to the British for 50,000 Rupees. During the British rule, Ajmer was a province of the British. The province cosisted of the districts of Ajmer and Merwara which were seperated by the territory of Rajputana Agency. Ajmer-Merwara was administered directly by the British Raj. After India`s independence it was merged into Rajasthan.
Demographics of Ajmer
As per the 2001 census, the population of Ajmer is 485,197. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48% of the population. Ajmer has an average literacy rate of 74%. Out of which, with 56% of the males and 44% of females are literate.
Education of Ajmer
The important educational institutions of Ajmer are Sophia Girls` School, Mayo College( founded by the British Raj), Ajmer Music College. One of the four NCERT Demonstration Schools of India is also located in Ajmer.
Divisions of Ajmer
The district of Ajmer is divided into four sub divisions as:
The sub-divisions are further divided into six tehsils and eight Panchayats. The six tehsils of Ajmer are Ajmer, Beawar, Nasirabad, Kekri, Kishangarh and Sarwar.
Transportation of Ajmer
Ajmer is well connected to other cities by means of road and rail. National Highway Number 8 running between Delhi and Mumbai passes through the district and covers a distance of about 147 kms and the route also provides direct road link from Beawar to Delhi via Jaipur and Ajmer and to Ahmedabad via Udaipur.
The rail way line passing through Ajmer is the Delhi-Ahmedabad railway line. Important railway stations on Ajmer-Khandwa rail line are Ajmer, Nasirabad and Bijaynagar. Air transport facility is not available in the district of Ajmer.
Shopping in the land of Ajmer also proves to be a quite enjoyable experience. This place is famous all over the globe for its antiques, beguiling and contemporary gold and silver jewelry, curios, vibrant hued `tie-and-dye` saris and embroidered shoes and slippers also known as `jutis`. A unique form of local perfume popularly known, as `ittar` is a specialty that one can carry back to his original abode from this land of multiple cultures. The annual Urs fairs of Ajmer display articles varying from clothes to miniature paintings, uniquely crafted wooden products to brass utensils and silver souvenirs.
Hotels in Ajmer offer one with various tourist packages suited according to ones pockets. The hotels of this district are not only unique in architectural design but are also suited for business and leisure travelers alike. The hotels are known by their badge of diplomacy and offers one all the luxurious comforts to suit the budget. The interiors of the hotels possess unparalleled elegance and grace. Being a prominent spiritual tourist attraction, the small town in the western part of India is an amalgamation of different cultures.
Nowadays reaching the beautiful town of Ajmer has become very convenient. Ajmer is now linked by frequent trains to and from the major metros as well as the other destinations of India. The national and state highway network links this town to other parts of Rajasthan and many important cities in India. All sorts of hired transports are available and all comes with the most experienced drivers. Although this small town doesn`t have a airport of its own, there is an airport situated at Jaipur which is just 130 kilometers away from Ajmer and from there one can easily avail regular buses and taxis.
Places of Interest in Ajmer
The places of interest in Ajmer are:
the Tomb of a Sufi saint
the Pushkar Lake.