British Military Monuments in India, British India - Informative & researched article on British Military Monuments in India, British India
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesHistory of India

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > History of India > Modern History of India > British Empire in India > British Military Monuments in India
British Military Monuments in India, British India
British military monuments in India were guided by the factor of English death, leading to dainty constructions.
 Sir-William-Hay-MacNaghtenBritish military monuments in India under English domination were an extraordinary theme, which grew by every year. The guiding factor was hostilities in relationships amongst Indians and Britons, as time passed. For example, things were not the same in the phase of 20th century, as it was in the early 18th century. Quite naturally Englishmen needed to safeguard themselves by fortifications. To accomplish such factors, bastions, fortress started coming up. Post-death military monuments were also an overriding factor during British rule in India.

As the British East India Company`s military forces increased in size and as more wars ensued, monuments devoted to the military far outnumbered all others. Frequently executed in memory of a particular slain officer, it was common for them to be funded by fellow officers. The visual theme of grief predominated and rarely did they possess a visual sense of India.

During the 1810s, John Flaxman`s monument at St. Mary`s Church, Madras, dedicated to General Sir Barry Close (1756-1813), uniquely includes the auxiliary use of a cast of Indian mourners. Later this theme would appear again in J.G. Lough`s monument of Sir William Hay MacNaghten (1793-1841) located at St. Pauls Cathedral, Calcutta.

A second theme regarding the British military monuments in India during this period addressed the factor of group death. In St. John`s Church, Calcutta, a monument is dedicated to the memory of Captain Charles Lionel Showers and his two lieutenants who died in 1814 while leading a charge of the Bengal Infantry during the Nepal War of 1814-16. In another work, Robert William Siever executed a relief to four captains, a lieutenant and a physician who had died of fever in the course of the First Burma War of 1824-26. It is located in St. John`s Church, Madras.
During the 1820s, John Bacon, Jr. created one of the first monuments using the weeping sepoy for his officer, rather than the lone weeping women. In this instance, the tribute is to Lieutenant Peter Lawtie whose monument resides at St. John`s, Calcutta. A second example is associated with John Hinchchlift`s monument to Lieutenant-Colonial Charles Barton Burr (d. 1821) of the Bombay Native Infantry, located in St. Thomas`s Cathedral, Bombay.

British military monuments in India bear even some more significant examples, when in 1834, addressing the theme of service to India, Francis Chantrey`s equestrian monument of Sir Thomas Munro (1761-1827), Governor of Madras was erected. The monument exudes the sense of Munro`s military and civilian authority. Placed on a fifteen-foot high pedestal, the sculpture symbolically elevated Munro above the people he served.

(Last Updated on : 07/02/2012)
More Articles in British Empire in India  (1123)
Recently Updated Articles in History of India
Deuli Hill
Deuli hills, located in Odisha, houses several ancient rock-cut Buddhist chambers where Buddhist monks used to dwell, especially during rainy season.
Puphagiri, situated in Odisha, has been identified as one of the oldest Buddhist establishments of the world. The annual celebration of Buddha Mahotsava in Puphagiri makes the place further inviting for tourists.
Sutaphaa was an ancient king of the Ahom kingdom, who was treacherously murdered by a Sutiya king.
Archaeological Sites in Kutch
Archaeological Site in Kutch District means Dholavira. The existence of a new archaeological site, expected to be older than Dholavira by over 15,000 years, near Maruda Takkar hill has been confirmed following research carried out by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
Balathal, Rajasthan is an interesting archaeological site from where artefacts of Chalcolithic Age and Early Historic Period including various pottery products and ancient skeletal remains have been unearthed.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on History of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
British Military Monuments in India, British India - Informative & researched article on British Military Monuments in India, British India
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.