(Last Updated on : 08/05/2017)
Mysore is one of the legendary states of India that is decorated with a number of palaces and temples. Mysore or Mysuru derived its name from the legendary ruler Mahishasura
who used to rule the area which is presently known as Mysore.
Location of Mysore
Located at the southwest of Bengaluru
, the city spreads across an area of 128.42 kms which extends at the foot hills of Chamundi hills
. The latitudinal location of Mysore is 12.30 degree North and 76.65 degree East which has an average altitude of 770 meters or 2526 ft.
History of Mysore
Mysore played a very significant role from the early era till the British Raj. This city continued to remain the capital of the Mysore Kingdom
which was under the rule of Wodeyar dynasty
. This city came under the rule of Haidar Ali
and Tipu Sultan
for a very short period of 40 years. According to the Hindu mythology Mysore was ruled by the famous demon Mahishasur who was killed by Goddess Chamunda
. As such the place received its name from the legendary ruler Mahishasura, after whom the place was originally known as Mahisha or Mahishasuru. Mysuru includes a number of historical monuments and Mahishasuru fort which was built by Chamaraja Wodeyar
This place continued to be the main administrative centre till 1610 when the Wodeyars ousted the Vijayanagara
governor in Shirangapatnam and shifted the capital to Shirangapatnam. Later Mysuru or Mysore came under the control of British Empire in India
till India got independence in 1947
Climate of Mysore
Mysore enjoys a pleasant climate throughout the year. Summer season extends from March to June which is followed by the monsoon season in July to November. And winter season in December that continues till February. The highest degree of temperature recorded is 38.5 degree Celsius.
Demography of Mysore
Mysore had a population of 887,446, consisting of 443,813 males and 443,633 females, making it the second most populous city in Karnataka
Economy of Mysore
Mysore or Mysuru derives a lot of earning from tourism which is one of the main industries in Mysore. Tourism contributes heavily to the state treasury. Along with it Mysore also has some cottage industries and small scale industries which manufacture the sandalwood products, matchboxes and incenses. Along with this there are some automobile manufacturing industries and information technology companies which add to the state's earnings.
Culture of Mysore
Mysuru city has been the cultural centre of Karnataka. The culture of Mysore or Mysuru is reflected with a number of festivals
which depict the spirit of Mysore. Mysuru celebrates a number of festivals among which Dussehra
is the most important festival of the city.
Tourism in Mysore
Mysore is surrounded with a number of tourist spots which include some prominent places like Mysore Palace
, Chamunda Hills, Zoo, St. Philomena's Church
, Jaganmohan Palace
, Ranganathittu, Somanathpur
, Krishnrajasagar Dam and Brindavan Garden