(Last Updated on : 22/12/2014)
Folk paintings in Rajasthan
are as diverse as its culture. The folk paintings
in Rajasthan are completely hand made. They bring to the forefront the numerous talented painters that Rajasthan has. The folk paintings of Rajasthan deal with pictorial depictions of popular Hindu gods
, human portraits, common customs and rituals, and the elements of nature. Some of the popular folk paintings of Rajasthan include sanjhya painting, phad painting
, pichwai painting
and miniature painting
Sanjhya Painting - It is a ritual wall painting and is mostly popular in Mewar
and Malwa regions. Young girls, especially the newly wed paint the walls for 14 to 15 days during the pitrapaksha. During this period, the ancestors are remembered and offered ritual oblation by Hindus. Everyday in the evening, they wash the wall with cow dung
and ochre. They use various materials to adorn the walls like motifs (made from the lumps of cow dung), flower
, leaves, colourful papers of gilt, vermilion, head grains of maize
etc. On the final day, the images are immersed in a river
, pond or any source of water
- Phad painting or Phad is a style of religious scroll painting. Since the last two centuries, the Joshi families of Bhilwara, Shahpura in Bhilwara district
of Rajasthan are widely known as the traditional artists of Phad painting. Phad painting is traditionally done on a long piece of cloth or canvas, known as phad. These sorts of painting feature the narratives of the folk deities of Rajasthan, mostly of Pabuji and Devnarayan. Traditionally vegetable
colours are used in these paintings. Some of the noted artists of phad painting are Shree Lal Joshi, Nand Kishor Joshi, Prakash Joshi and Shanti Lal Joshi.
- It is a very ancient form of art passed on from generation to generation. This painting has a very devotional theme towards Lord Krishna
. Pichhwai paintings exhibit Lord Krishna in different moods, body postures, and attires. The aim of Pichhwais is to narrate tales of Krishna to the illiterate. Pichhwais artists can be found in Chitron Ki Gali (Street of paintings) and Chitrakaron Ka Mohallah (colony of painters).
- Rajasthan is regarded as one of the pioneer seats of miniature paintings in India. It is believed that this art form was introduced to the land of India by the Mughals
, who brought the much-revealed art form from Persia. Miniature paintings are quite colourful but small in size. For creating miniature paintings, materials like paper, ivory panels, wooden tablets, leather, marble, cloth and walls are required. The handmade colours from minerals, vegetables, precious stones, conch shells
are traditionally used in these paintings.