(Last Updated on : 15/02/2014)
Rajasthan is unparalleled for its majesty, heritage, culture, safaris and sand dunes. The name of this state literally means `the land of the rajas (kings). ` Rajasthan presents everything that is Indian in essence. Its diverse landscape attracts tourists from all over the world. The state ensures that the travellers do not face any kind of trouble while touring the state. These are some of the reasons why Rajasthan is a popular tourist destination in India.
History of Rajasthan
The Rajputs and the Mughals have contributed greatly in shaping the history of Rajasthan. Originally it was the dwelling place of the Rajputs
who are considered the most chivalrous community in India. Archaeological excavations closely associate Rajasthan with the Harappan civilization. The state has witnessed a number of wars that were fought to possess it. The glory of Rajasthan reached its peak under the reign of the Mauryas.
Geography of Rajasthan
This is one of the major factors why Rajasthan has grown as a popular tourist destination. The two varied physical feature has blessed Rajasthan with a unique landscape. On one hand lies the Aravalli Mountain Ranges
and on the other hand lies the Thar Desert. So the tourists can either enjoy the cool summers of Mount Abu or check out the shimmering golden sands of Jaisalmer
. The region of Rajasthan has been divided into 32 districts. The important cities are Jaipur
Demography of Rajasthan
The Rajasthani population is dominated by the Hindus. In Rajasthan 88.8% of the population are Hindus. Muslims make up 8.5%, Sikhs 1.4% and Jains 1.2% of the population. Rajasthani is the most widely spoken language. However, Sindhi, Punjabi and Gujarati languages are also spoken here.
Culture of Rajasthan
The culture of Rajasthan encompasses folk art as well as other traditional art and craft. A lot of artistry reflects the influence of the Mughals. Whether it is performing arts, lifestyle, food or handicrafts the impact of all kinds of tribes and communities are apparent in Rajasthan. Once upon a time the performing arts received royal patronage. Another important attraction of Rajasthani culture is its festivals. The vibrant colours and the zeal with which it is celebrated are unprecedented. Adventure sports are quite common in Rajasthan. Aero sports like gliding, paragliding, ballooning, parasailing and other sports like trekking and horse ridding are also popular sports here. Polo and cricket have a lot importance too.
Education in Rajasthan
Education is an important aspect of its culture. A large number of schools, colleges and adequate number of universities are there for the students. The educational institutes mirror the modern India. The literacy rate in Rajasthan is 67.06% according to the 2011 census.
Administration of Rajasthan
The Current ruling party in Rajasthan is Indian National Congress
. The present Chief Minister is Ashok Gehlot
. The political dominion of Rajasthan remains dominated by India`s two biggest political parties, BJP
and the Congress.
Economy of Rajasthan
The economy of Rajasthan is mainly dependent on agriculture and the small scale industries. The handicrafts industry is an important sector as it attracts a lot of buyers. Apart from these the tourism industry is at its best here. The antiquity of this place is a major tourist attraction. Hence all kinds of measures are taken to promote travel and tourism in Rajasthan.
Tourism in Rajasthan
Known as the `Land of Palaces and Forts`, Rajasthan situated in the Northern part of India is decked with alluring palaces, magnificent forts, a rich culture and heritage. The state encompasses most of the area of the Great Indian Desert. Mount Abu
, known as one of the oldest mountain ranges in the world is famous for its Dilwara Temples.