(Last Updated on : 14/11/2016)
Costumes of Jammu and Kashmir
are well known for their embroidery
and intricate designs, which reflect the richness of the culture and landscape of the region. Their clothing is designed to counter the cold climate of the region. Most of the garments are made of wool
designed with intricate embroideries.
Costumes of Jammu and Kashmir for Men
The traditional Pheran is the most popular form of dress among both men and women. Pheran exhibits a lot of beautiful embroidery work comprising of floral motifs.
Pheran: Pheran is the most commonly worn garment among men. Hindu men usually wear Churidars while the Muslim men are dressed in Salwar beneath the formidable Pherans. Pheran is a loosely fitted woollen garment which makes use of the Kangri. The Kangri is usually placed in the front, skilfully shrouded by the Pheran. It functions as an internal heating system in order to keep the wearer warm during the extreme cold winters.
Pathani Suit: The Pathani Suit, also referred to as Khan-dress, is popular among men, especially in Srinagar. Turbans are common among Muslim men. Skull caps are prevalent, especially among the peasants and the Karakuli and fur skull caps with the Pashmina shawls worn by men often symbolise royal lineage.
Pashmina Shawls: The Pashmina shawls are made from traditional woollen textiles which are obtained from mountain goat. Intricate work is done on both sides of these shawls. The special Kashmiri embroidery work, Kasida, is done in such a manner that the patterns appear on both sides of the fabric uniformly.
The Pashmina belts and Kamarbandh are common too. The Muslim men wear lace-free shoes known as Gurgabis. Brocade, camel
hair and cashmere are the main elements that are used in the making of coats and fleece for men.
Costumes of Jammu and Kashmir for Women
Pheran is the prominent attire for Kashmiri women as well. Traditionally, there are Poots and Pherans, comprising two robes that are placed atop the other. Pheran worn by women usually has Zari embroidery on the hem line, around pockets and mostly on the collar area. Pherans worn by the Muslim women are traditionally characterised by their broad sleeves and reach up to the knees. However, the Hindus of Jammu and Kashmir wear their Pherans long, stretching up to their feet with narrowed down sleeves. Often, the Pherans are wrapped tightly by a piece of creased cloth called Lungi
Taranga: The Hindu women wear a headdress called Taranga, stitched to a suspended cap and it narrows down at the back, towards the heels. Taranga is an integral part of the wedding attire among Hindus.
Kasaba: Pheran is accompanied by red headgears known as Kasaba. Kasaba is stitched in the form of a turban and is pinned together by ornaments and silver brooches. A pin-scarf suspended from Kasaba descends towards the shoulder. It is worn by Muslim women as a part of their regular attire.
Abaya: Abaya is a common attire worn by them. For unmarried Muslim women, the costumes vary to some extent. The elaborate headgears are replaced by exquisitely ornate skull caps embellished with threads of gold, talismans and gems.
Kashmiri Accessories for Women
The intricate patterns of women Costumes in Jammu and Kashmir are further enhanced by the use of various accessories. Earrings
and bangles are widely used apart from the use of ornamentation in clothing. Silver jewellery
is popular among Muslim women and they adorn themselves with neckpieces
, bracelets and heavily bejewelled chains
. Dejharoos or golden pendants
are worn by the Hindu women. These Dejharoos comprise two decorative gold pendants which are suspended through gold chains or silk
threads. It is symbolic of a womans married status among the Kashmiri Pandits.