Cheraw dance of Mizoram is known as `Bamboo dance`, since bamboos are used in the performance of the dance. Both men and women come together & perform this dance; while the men hold the bamboos, the women dance between the same bamboos.
In the performance, the dancer moves by stepping alternatively in and out from between and across a pair of horizontal bamboos. The men mostly sitting and facing these bamboos on the either side hold these bamboos against the ground and they, tap them by opening and closing them, as per the rhythmic beats. Two bases support the bamboos that are placed horizontally, one at each end. The movements created while clapping them produce a sharp sound, which actually forms the rhythm of the dance. It also indicates the timing for the dancing steps as well. The dancers perform various attractive steps in and out on the beats of the bamboos. Generally, the patterns and stepping of the dance have many variations that are very much graceful. Sometimes the steps are done to imitate some natural movements like the birds or the trees.
An individual family performs Cheraw dance on the occasion of `Buhza Aih` that is the bumper harvest. Basically, it is not a community dance but a dance performed by a few selected girls having extraordinary skills. It is also performed in marriage ceremonies and on the time of merry-makings to celebrate success. At the time of such occasions, large numbers of people gather to watch the proud performance of `Cheraw` dance by the few skillful dancers. It is generally performed on moonlit nights that add a glory to it. At the time of performance, the sound of the bamboo hitting each other is the rhythm for the dance. But even if a rhythm is missed, the experienced dancers perform various steps with a lot of grace and care.