(Last Updated on : 06/01/2009)
Calcutta's literary & liberal life as introduced by the Renaissance, initiated a tremendous boost in the neighboring regions. Lakshmikant Bezbarua, the rational liberalist was a true child of the romantic idealism of the West & dominated the literary arena of Assam for about half a century. Orunodoi, first newspaper in Assam attempted the promotion of Assamese literature imbued with nationalistic enthusiasm. The later half of the 19th century experienced overflowing literary upsurge. Hem Chandra Barua's "Hem Kosha" and journals like "Assam Bandhu" & "Arunodoy Samvad Patra" launched an immaculate style of articulate prose. Phukan & Gunabhiram Barua were the chief literary personalities of the age. When, in the Renaissance tradition, novels & drama became instrumental for the social & cultural reforms all over India, in Assam it was short stories & folk poetry, which dominated the literary sphere of Assam. Hiteshwar Barua, Chandra kumar Agarwala, Padmanath Gohain Barua etc prompted social reforms through their compositions.
Malayalam Literature permeated with the liberal- democratic spirit immediately with its encounter with the west & spread of modern education. Radical doctrine about the changing politics & the national movements were also exerting influence over the writers of the period. The period was marked by the growth of prose fiction, drama & literary criticism and the spread of journalism. Varma Valiakoi Thampuran, A.R. Raja. Varma , C.v Raman Pillai etc were the notable writers of the Malayalam Literature. "Kurupillakari", "Dharmaraja" etc were the remarkable works of the period engraving the social portrait of the time.
Renaissance in Maharashtra was marked by the reason & development of prose literature. It was a period of great intellectual stimulation and the sheer insistence on English education. Renaissance in Maharashtra aimed for social reforms. Marathi Drama was the immediate product of the Renaissance and established a new genre called " Sangit Natya" or "Musicals."
In the dramas like "Sita Swyamvar" and "Kirioskar" social content is fused with romantic aroma. Krishnaji Prabhakar's play "Kichaka Vadh" initiated the tradition of political play in Maharashtra, which led an overflowing blow against the British Raj all over Maharashtra & the government barred it. The publication of little magazine gained impetus with the rapid change of the political vista. Tilak's journal "Kesari" was a pedestal for sharing literary yet political views. Babasaheb Ambedkar, with his radical philosophy, challenged the conventional literary foundation comprised mainly of the urbanized upper class people.