Fatehgarh is the administrative headquarters of the Farrukabad district of the northern sate of India, Uttar Pradesh. It is located on the right bank of the Ganges River. It forms a twin city with Farrukabad which is situated at a distance of 5 km. In the northwest of the town at a distance of 150 km. is the state capital Lucknow and 160 km. In the northeast is the city of Agra. Fatehgarh got its name from an ancient fort located here and was founded in 1714. The Fatehgarh Railway Station which lies on the Mathura-Kanpur line is a major rail junction of the state and connects Fatehgarh to rest of the place in the state. It is located between 27.37° North latitude and 79.63° East longitude at a height of 138 metres (452 feet) above mean sea level.
As of the 2001 India census report, Fatehgarh had a
population of 14,682 inhabitants. Males comprises of 60% of the population and female comprises of 40% of the population. In Fatehgarh, 12% of the population is less than six years of age. The town has an average literacy rate of 76% which is much higher than the national average literacy rate of 59.5%. The male literacy rate is 83% and the female literacy rate is 65%.
This cantonment town is an important manufacturing center and agricultural market of Uttar Pradesh. Other than agricultural produce perfume, saltpeter and cotton prints are also exported from the town. The Rajput Regiment Center and Sikh Light Infantry Center of the Indian Army is stationed here.
Some of the major attractions in the town are the Buddhist site of Sankisa (ancient Samkashya) and the ruined tombs of old rulers. Kampil, is a nearby town which houses many ancient temples.