Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi was a renowned Sufi saint of the Qadri Order in India. He played a major role in establishing the Qadri Order in Delhi. His one of the prominent predecessors is Abdul Qadir Jilani, who initiated the silsila of the Qadri Order. Sultan Bahoo was his senior spiritual successor (Khalifa-e-akbar), who was also a saint of the Qadri family and a man of revelations and miracles. His other junior spiritual successors are Shah Habib Allah Qadri and Syed Mohammad Siddique; Siddique was the first caretaker of his shrine.
Life of Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi
Abdul Rehman Dehlvi was born in 1615 AD in Hama, Syria. His father was Syed Abdul Qadir, from whom he received his early education. At the age of 35 years, Abdul Rehman decided to stay at the tomb of Abdul Qadir Jilani in Baghdad for three years. Then, during the reign of Shah Jahan of Mughal Dynasty, he came to India to meet Syed Abdul Jaleel. He resided in Delhi and made a Khanqah, where his shrine and the Shah Abdul Rehman Mosque are situated. At the age of 41, Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi married Syeda Zahida and had two sons named Syed Taj-ul-Arifeen and Syed Abdul Aziz. Syed Taj-ul-Arifeen died due to diarrhea.
Contributions of Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi
After moving to India, Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi stayed in Delhi to guide the people spiritually. He is now termed as ‘Qaim Maqam Faqeer’. His teachings were later passed on by his descendents like his great grandson Syed Abdullah Shah Madni Jilan. Abdul Rehman died on 21 Ramadan 1088 AH (16th November 1677 AD) during the Mughal emperor Alamgir. His death anniversary is celebrated with great devotion.
Spiritual Lineage of Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi
The spiritual lineage comes to Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi from his father Syed Abdul Qadir in the following order:
'Ali bin Abi Talib
Habib al Ajami
Abu Bakr Shibli
Abdul Aziz bin Hars bin Asad Yemeni Tamimi
Abu Al Fazal Abdul Wahid Yemeni Tamimi
Mohammad Yousaf Abu al-Farah Tartusi
Abu-al-Hassan Ali Bin Mohammad Qureshi Hankari
Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi
Abdul Qadir Jilani
Syed Abdul Razzaq Jilani
Syed Abdul Jabbar Jilani
Syed Mohammad Yahya Sadiq Jilani
Syed Najam-ud-Din Burhan Puri
Syed Abdul Fattah
Syed Abdul Sattar
Syed Abdul Baqqa
Syed Abdul Jaleel
Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi
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