(Last Updated on : 22-08-2015)
Sclater's monal with a scientific name "Lophophorus sclateri
", also known as the crestless monal, is a large, approximately 68 centimetres long. The name of this bird- Sclater's monal, commemorates the British zoologist Philip Lutley Sclater. Sclater's monal is a pheasant of the east Himalayan Mountain Region
Gender of Sclater's monal
As other monals, the male Sclater's monal is a colourful bird. The crestless female is mostly a dark brown bird with a white throat and tail-tip, dull bluish orbital skin and a pale yellow bill.
Structure of Sclater's monal
Sclater's monal has a highly iridescent purplish-green upperparts plumage, short and curly metallic green crown feathers, copper neck, purplish-black throat, white back, blue orbital skin, yellowish-orange bill and brown iris. In the nominate subspecies, the tail is white with a broad chestnut band, while the tail is entirely white in L. S. arunachalensis from western Arunachal Pradesh in India.
Concentration of Sclater's monal
Sclater's monal is distributed to mountain forests of northeast India, southeast Tibet and northern Burma, at altitudes of 2,500 to 4,200 metres (8,200 to 13,800 ft).
Food of Sclater's monal
The diet of Sclater's monal is like that of other members of the genus Lophophorus, probably consisting mainly of tubers, roots, bulbs, arthropods, rodents, seeds and flowers.
Eggs of Sclater's monal
The female Sclater's monal usually lays between three to five eggs. It is not known if the Sclater's monal male participates in nest defence, but it is likely.
Population of Sclater's monal
Now due to ongoing habitat loss, small population size, limited range and over hunting in some areas for food and its feathers, Sclater's monal is evaluated as Vulnerable on IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.