Various parts of the tongue are associated with different organs of the body. Thus depressions, elevations, sensitivity or discoloration on different parts of the tongue signifies defects in respective organs. Kapha derangement and mucus accumulation can be figured out from a whitish tongue. A yellow-green and red tongue is indicative of Pitta derangement while Vata derangement is signified by a black-to-brown coloration of the tongue. The symptom of a decrease in the Dhatu Rasa (plasma) is a dehydrated tongue. Reduction in the dhatu Rakta (red blood cells) is often denoted by a pale tongue. Poor intestinal absorption is revealed through the impressions of teeth along the margin of the tongue.
In case the tongue of an individual gets covered with a coating, toxins in the stomach, large intestine and small intestine can be inferred. Coating in the posterior part shows toxins in the large intestine while coating in the middle portion indicates the presence of toxins in the stomach and small intestine. If a line down the middle of the tongue is observed, it signifies the holding back of emotions along the vertebral column. In case the line is curved, it shows a deformity in the curvature of the spine.