Geography of Rani Jhansi Marine National Park
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park encompasses an area of about 256 square kilometres. The temperature of the place varies from 20 to 30 degree Celsius. Three islands are included in the archipelago of Rani Jhansi Marine National Park namely Outram Island, Henry Lawrence Island and John Lawrence Island. Henry Lawrence Island is the largest one named after a British General. The island provides glimpses of the Indian history during colonial period. The natural habitats scattered here include mangrove forests, semi-evergreen rain forest, lowland evergreen rain forest, beaches, coral reefs and lagoons. The place enjoys humid, tropical coastal climate as it is located close to the equator and the sea. Average rainfall has been recorded to be 3800 millimetres which owes to the southwest and northeast monsoons. The months from January to April are comparatively dry.
Flora and Fauna of Rani Jhansi Marine National Park Rani Jhansi Marine National Park is quite unique and is mostly dominated by mangroves which dot the shore line of the park. Terrestrial moist forest and other ecosystems can also be traced here. The forest is also famed for sun basking Crocodiles and the rare and endangered Dugongs which dwell in the water along with other marine fauna.It offers an exquisite opportunity to explore the diverse avifauna, vibrant marine life and undisturbed coral reef formations of the place. Fruit-Eating Bat is one of the major attractions of the park and this unique species plays an important role in maintaining the ecological balance of the place. It serves both as a pollinator and seed disperser which helps in flourishing the vegetation. Fishes and Turtles are also common here.
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park is best visited between the period of December and March as the weather remains pleasant during this time. It can be approached through airways via Port Blair airport. Port Blair has a good connectivity with Chennai, Kolkata and Delhi airports. Waterways also connect the place with the Indian mainland and ship trips can be thus availed. Majority of local population depends on tourism for earning their livelihood as the island has very little or no farm land. The surrounding islands of the national park offer a wondrous destination for snorkelling and scuba diving.