Flora and Fauna of Vellode Bird Sanctuary
Vellode Bird Sanctuary is rich is flora and fauna. The Vellode Birds Sanctuary is a storage tank and as such there are no forests in this tank. The main vegetation of the sanctuary consists of Acacia nilotica plantation. The other tree species present in the sanctuary includes Azadirachta indica, Palmyra and eucalyptus plantation all along the bund and profuse growth of Prosopis juliflora.
The sanctuary provides a habitat to innumerable resident and migratory bird species. The migratory birds start arriving in the sanctuary at the onset of the Northeast monsoon. The Sanctuary happens to be an ideal habitat for the birds, because of the availability of abundant feed in the tank and in the neighbouring agricultural fields. It also provides plenty of trees for perching and nesting. Some easily found bird species include cormorants, teals, pintail ducks, and darters. There are abundant fishes and other aquatic organisms present in the tank. These also form a part of food for many resident birds.
A watch tower has been constructed for the benefit of the tourists. From here they can get a glance of the entire sanctuary. An interpretation centre has also been constructed for creating awareness among the visitors especially to the student visiting the sanctuary. The best time to visit the sanctuary is from November to April.
Vellode Bird Sanctuary is well connected with all modes of transport. The sanctuary is situated 12 km away from Erode toward Chennimalai main road and is easily accessible by road Erode is 12 km and Chennimalai is 14 km. there is a diversion road towards North on Erode Chennimalai road from Mettupalayam which takes one to this sanctuary.