(Last Updated on : 04/07/2012)
, the third Jain Tirthankara has been well represented at Khajuraho Temples
by three images. The three images vary approximately from 23.5" x 17" to 50"X 34" in dimensions and are assignable to a period from the 11th to the 12th century A. D.
The three images of Lord Sambhavanatha at Khajuraho Temples are marked with the srivatsa symbol in the centre of the chest. He is seen seated in represent him as seated cross legged posture and meditating with hands laid in the lap and palms facing upwards. In two images he is seen seated on lotus petals that are spread over an ornate cushion. The one remaining is just seated on an ornate cushion. It can be seen in Temple No. 16. In all the images the ornate cushions are resting on simhasanas. They have pilasters at two extremities. Two lions are also visible supporting the simhasana. They are seated with their backs and necks turned towards each other. In one case they face the observer. A dharmachakra is visible in between the images of the lions. A figure of horse has been carved below the dharmachakra. The hair of the Jina is treated in curls. The Jina in three examples are flanked by a pair of male attendants. They are seen wearing rich jewelleries and carrying a flywhisk in one hand. The other hand is shown resting on the thigh.
Forms of Lord Sambhavnath
The three forms of Lord Sambhavnath are explained below:
First image of Lord Sambhavnath
: The image of the Lord is 23.5" x 17" and is kept in the Open Air Museum that is adjoining the Adinatha temple of Khajuraho. On the right top corner a small figure of a Jina can be seen. The image of the Lord is cased between two square pilasters. The bhamandala behind his head depicts small linear decoration from its centre. Four small Jina figures are carved on the right recessed portion. Two of these images are in sitting posture and the rest two are in standing posture. Two identical figures occupy the ends of the throne. These are two armed goddesses that are seated in lalitasana and are seen bearing a sword and some other objects in their hands. These images belong to the 11th century A.D.
Second image of Lord Sambhavnath
: The image of the Lord here is 50"x 34" and has been carefully preserved in the Archaeological Museum of Khajuraho. A pair of devotees can also be seen with their hands folded on two sides of the dharmachakra. On the extreme corner of the throne two armed Yaksha Yakshi figures can be seen. These however, do not conform to the iconographic injunctions of the Digambara
texts. The Yakshi of the left corner is in abhaya mudra and holds a lotus respectively in her right and left arms. The Yaksha of the corresponding right end holds probably a skull cup in his right hand and a mongoose skin purse in the left. The Yaksha is Sarvanubhnti or Lord Kubera
. Above the Yaksha Yakshi figures there occurs, on either side, a standing Jina, slightly smaller in size than the middle Jina. It is surmounted by five hooded serpent with its top being damaged. These flanking Jinas stand naked on brackets with their hair done in curls.
Third image of Lord Sambhavnath
: The third image of the Lord is 35. 5" x 24" and is well preserved in the Modern Temple No. 16. The idol has bulging eyes and has a halo consisting of a band filled with lozenges and a central blossom circlet. Besides this figure one can also see an image of a small standing Jina. Two armed figures of two-armed Yaksha and Yakshi are seated in lalitasana at the end of the throne.