Since, the need to place protection is virtually eliminated; sport climbing places an emphasis on gymnastic ability, strength and endurance - as opposed to adventure, risk and self-sufficiency.
Use of Route in Sports Climbing in India
A route suitable for sport climbing has pre-placed bolts following a line up a rock face. Sport climbs are typically between 20 and 120 feet in length, and have eight to twelve bolts (some routes may have as few as three bolts, while other routes may have twenty-five or more).
Equipments for Sports Climbing in India
Sport climbing can be undertaken with relatively little equipment. Equipment used in sport climbing includes dynamic rope, quick draws, belay device, climbing harnesses for climber, A few runners, a helmet and the climbing shoes and chalk bag. These are normally used for sports climbing in India.
Leading a Sports Climbing
To actually lead a sport climb is to ascend a route with a rope tied to climber's harness and with the loose end of the rope handled by a belayer. As each and every bolt is reached along the route the climber attaches a quick draw to the bolt and then also clips the rope through hanging end of quick draw. This particular bolt is now also protecting the climber in the event of a fall. At the top of sport routes, there is typically a two-bolt anchor that can be used to return the climber to the ground or previous rappel point. As the sport routes do not require placing protection, the climber can concentrate on the difficulty of the moves rather than placing protection or the consequences of a fall.
Forms of Sports Climbing
Sport climbing differs from traditional climbing with respect to the type and placement of protection. Traditional climbing uses mostly removable protection (such as cams or nuts), and tends to minimize the usage of pre-placed protection. Sport climbing typically involves single pitch routes, whereas traditional climbing can include single-pitch routes as well as longer, multi-pitch ascents. Rock types that produce good sport climbs include limestone, granite and quartzite, though sport climbs can be found on almost all rock types.
Climbing Competitions in India
St. Stephens Open Sport Climbing Competition, Bouldering and Speed Climbing Competition, National Sport Climbing Championship, South Zone Sports Climbing Competition, Junior North Zone Sport Climbing Championship, All India Open Artificial Bouldering Competition in Sikkim and Jammu & Kashmir, State Sport Climbing Championship are the popular climbing competitions in India.