(Last Updated on : 22/02/2012)
Ice skating is actually a process of moving on the ice with the help of ice skates. The ice skating can actually be done for many reasons which includes leisure, health benefits, travelling and many other sports. The game of ice skating occurs both on specially prepared outdoor and indoor tracks, as well as on naturally occurring bodies of frozen waters, such as rivers and lakes.
The wonderful sport of Ice Skating is one of the ancient games of the world. It is a nice game that is played on the ice with a pair of skates. It's also known as Figure Skating in some parts of the world. Though nobody can claim to know the exact timing of the game, the archaeologists and the historians believe that the activity of playing this game was widespread in the ancient times. The fact is shown in archaeological evidence that the root of this game lays in the period of about 3000 B.C. It is thought so as the oldest pair of skates so far was found at the bottom of a lake in Switzerland. Apart from Switzerland, the skates were also found in the countries like Russia, Scandinavia, Great Britain, the Netherlands and Germany. The most ancient skates were made from the leg bones of big animals. There were holes bored at each end of the bone and the people at that time used the leather straps to tie the skates on.
The game of ice skating works perfectly because, the metal blade at the bottom of the skate shoe can actually glide with a very little friction over the surface of the ice, so its pretty easy to use the same. But leaning the blade slightly over and also digging one of its edges into ice gives skaters the ability to enhance the friction and also control its movements at will. In addition to that, by choosing to move along the curved path while of course leaning their bodies radically and flexing their knees, skaters, in order to control and increase momentum can use the gravity. Momentum can also be created by pushing the blade against the curved tracks which it actually cuts into the ice. Properly combining these two skills of pushing and leaning- a method called as "drawing"- results in what looks like graceful and effortless curvilinear flow across the ice.