(Last Updated on : 05/08/2011)
The philosophy of Advaita gives a place for all kinds of aspirants thereby adding to the significance of Advaita Vedanta. Advaita Vedanta
is a sub school of Vedanta. Several theologies can be put into the framework of Advaita Vedanta Philosophy provisionally. If one is looking for a philosophy then they would naturally lean towards Advaita Vedanta. However, at the same time the rarefied atmosphere of Adi Shankaracharya
's metaphysics is too much for a human being. Advaita Vedanta also provides theologies as a provisional stand-point. Advaita Vedanta is very accommodative and this is the most attractive feature of this philosophy.
This philosophy has two tiers: metaphysical (Paramartha) level and the prima facie and pragmatic (Vyavahara) level. All theologies that have been accommodated in Shankara's Advaita system are provisional in status. First Cause is considered as the God of theologies. He is Apara Brahman
which means a lower version of Supreme Being that is identifiable with any of the deities of the Indian pantheon. In Indian religion God is not formless as form is needed to complete the individuality conception. However, this accommodation is provisional. One has to leave and rise to the metaphysical level as quickly as possible. If one is satisfied with the provisional position he will remain eternally at the base far away from the truth which is the metaphysical level.
In this philosophy there is no place for those who believe that ignorance causes Samsara and freedom from it can be achieved only through God's grace. A seeker who is struggling in the practice of spiritual Sadhana is taught that in truth he is engaged only in a ridicule battle in respect to the two tier theory of reality. He has to abandon his way of Sadhana in favour of the Paramarthika type or for the purpose of truth and harmony.
Doctrine of sublation is an important part of Advaita Vedanta. This doctrine means acceptance of non-existence of God, bondage and the world of multiplicity. Sublation is a psychological process. Intellectual and ethical reasons come with the rejection-replacement action. This process of sublation serves as a criterion for distinguishing between the various levels and sublevels of being.