Apabhramsa was originally an effort to infuse into Prakrit a measure of their vernacular. In Apabhramsa there was an effort to simplify Prakrit by adopting as the base of the grammar the vernacular. In the main the Prakrit vocabulary is used and to some extent Prakrit inflexions too.
Once Apabhramsa had become popular it had spread beyond west and various local Apabhrancas arose. In Bengal there is a type of Apabhranca that is used in Buddhist texts. The much degraded form is Avahattha however the basis of this Apabhranca is Maharashtri that proves its ultimate western origin.
There is a considerable similarity in inflexion in Apabhranca to Old Gujarati. Therefore in Bengal the Apabhranca used was not formed by applying vernacular inflexions to the local Prakrit. However it cannot be firmly supposed that Apabhramsa formed a necessary step towards composition in vernaculars. Apabhramsa literature has been found in Jain texts. There were many poets especially in regions that were ruled by Hindu kings who wrote in Apabhramsa. These authors include Devasena of Dhar, Sarahapad of Kamarupa, Dhanapal, Pushpadanta of Manyakheta, Hemachandra of Patan, Muni Ramsimha and Raighu of Gwalior. One of the early examples of Apabhramsa is in Vikramorvashiyam of Kalidasa.
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