(Last Updated on : 18-04-2016)
Basketball in India began its journey during the first half of the twentieth century and is considered as one of the widely played sports in the country.
Concept of Basketball
The term "Basketball" actually refers to the large round ball and the basket, used in this game. Basketball in India is played in most of the high schools, colleges and universities and especially the younger generation like to lay this game. India is one of those first few countries in the history of Basketball
that adopted the game, within a few years of its inception. This is actually a ball game where two teams consisting of five players each, play against each other. This fast-paced game requires a great quality of fitness and athleticism on behalf of the players. Invested by the famous Athletic Director from Canada, Dr. James Naismith, Basketball is played on a court with standard dimensions. The teams can earn points only by shooting a round inflated ball through a raised metal hoop and net at the opponent's end of the court.
History of Basket Ball
Basketball in India started its journey in 1930 when it was played for the first time. The first Indian National Championship for men was conducted in the year 1934 in New Delhi. The Basketball Federation of India (BFI) controls the game in India and was formed in the year 1950. Throughout history, Indians learned to appreciate the game because of its fast scoring and intense activity from the beginning until the end.
Nowadays, it is considered as one of the widely played sports in India. India is one those first few countries in the history of basketball that adopted the game within a few years of its inception and its teams actually consisted of five players on the court.
Gaming of Basket Ball
The game of Basketball in India is played by both men and women of all ages and ability. According to the basic rules of Basketball
, the basketball is played in a court which is usually a rectangular one with regulation rims located 10 feet above the ground. The court is generally located on the playground or in a gymnasium. The game was being played with a soccer ball during the early days of its inception. However, in the modern days, standard basketballs are of orange to brown in colour and have an outer cover of leather or nylon. There is also an indented surface on the ball in order to grip and control it easily. In men's play, a standard Basketball has a circumference of about 74.9 to 76.2 cm and a weight of about 567 to 624 grams. In case of the women's version, the ball can be slightly smaller and lighter in weight.
Procedure of Basketball
In a Basketball match, both the teams play offensively and defensively at the same time and their main objective are to throw the ball into opponent's basket. The referee throws the ball in air at the beginning of the match and the game begins with the jump of the ball. Both the teams try to grab the ball and control it right from that moment. Passing, ball handling, shooting, and rebounding are among the basic attacking skills of Basketball. Among the defensive skills, there is guarding the opponents, blocking and positioning to defend own basket, intercept or steal the ball from the opponents very quickly and also rebounding the missed shots.
Basket Ball as an Indoor Game
Basketball is primarily an indoor sport and played in a relatively smaller playing area or "court", it is highly suitable for the spectators who are viewing. As there are only ten players in a game and they use a large ball that is easy to follow, the spectators like the game, very much.
Terms of Basketball
There are a large number of terms of Basketball
that help the spectator and also the players to understand the game, in a better way. The match officials and players make good use of these terms to play a fair and standard match. Being one of the earliest countries to adopt Basketball, India has so far produced numerous talented Basketball players, who have earned recognition and reputation in the international arena.
Players of Basketball
The Indian Basketball players
have also won several trophies for their country. There are several basketball players in India, who have been honoured by the Government of India
through the prestigious Arjuna Award
. Hence, the number of Arjuna awardees in Basketball
is quite huge. Basketball in India is mainly being run and managed by a large number of national and state level associations, spread all over India. Satnam Singh Bhamara, Narender Kumar Garewal, R.D. Singh, Eban Hyams, Vikas Kharadkar, Sambhaji Kadam, Amjyot Singh and many more are the famous basketball players in India.
Role of Indian Basketball associations
The Indian Basketball associations
are working with a common view of spreading the game in all parts of the country. Apart from that, developing the overall condition of the game and bringing up new talents from the grass route level are also some of the other principal objectives of the Indian Basketball associations.