Revenue: The Collector is most intimately connected with the operation of the Mumbai Land Revenue Code. He is the custodian of Government property in land (including trees and water wherever situated) and at the same time the guardian of the interests of members of the public in land so far as the interests of Government in land have been conceded to them. All lands wherever situated, whether applied to agricultural or other purposes are liable to payment of land revenue, except in so far as they may be expressly exempted by a special contract. Such land revenue is of three kinds, viz., agricultural assessment; non agricultural assessment and miscellaneous assessment. The duties of the Collector are in respect of (1) fixation, (2) collection and (3) accounting of all such land revenue.
The assessment is fixed on each piece of land in proportion to its productivity. The assessment is generally revised every thirty years taluka by taluka. A revision survey of settlement is carried out by the Land Records department before a revision is made and the Collector is expected to review the settlement reports with great care and caution. Assessment is usually guaranteed against increase for a period of thirty years. The Government, however, grants suspensions and remissions in bad seasons as a matter of grace and determination of the amount of these suspensions and remissions is made by the Collector. As regards non-agricultural assessment, the Mumbai Land Revenue Code provides for alteration of agricultural assessment to non-agricultural assessments. In the same way un-assessed land used for non-agricultural purposes is also assessed at non-agricultural rates. According to the provisions of the Mumbai Land Revenue Code, only the Collector is empowered to take action in these matters. Miscellaneous land revenue also has to be fixed by the Collector according to the circumstances of each case, when Government land is temporarily leased. It is also realised by sale of earth, stones, usufruct of trees, revenue fines, etc.
Till the formation of the Zilla Parishads in May 1962, collection of land revenue rested with the Collector, who had to see that the revenue dues were recovered punctually with the minimum amount of coercion and that the collections were properly credited and accounted for in the branch of the wasul-baki-navis both at the taluka level and the district level. Since 1962 this work was entrusted to the Assistant Gram Sevaks, i.e. talathis, who were working under the Zilla Parishad till 1965 but on account of re-allotment of the talathis from the Zilla Parishad to the Revenue department from 15th November 1965, this has to be done now by the Collector as before. Even during the period from 1962 to 1965, the Collector had to see that the revenue was recovered punctually and had to supervise and review the progress of collection from time to time.
The Collectorate is headed by the District Collector who is in charge of the Revenue administration within the district and co-ordinates the functioning of all other state Government departments within the district. The office of the Collector has several branches or departments which are supervised by various officers of the rank of Deputy-Collector or Tahsildars. The District Collector is supported by the Additional Collector, who looks after certain branches of the Collectorate.
Municipal Corporation/ Council
In Nashik district, there 2 Municipal Corporations, viz. Nashik Municipal Corporation and Malegaon Municipal Corporation. There are 8 Municipal Councils - Manmad, Yeola, Bhagur, Trimbak, Igatpuri, Satana, Nandgaon, Sinnar and 1 Cantonment - Deolali Cantonment. All Municipal Councils are people oriented. The seats are reserved for S.C. and S.T. The duration of Municipal Councils is of five years. It is divided in A, B, C, categories. Manmad and Yeola are in 'B' and remaining Bhagur, Igatpuri, Trimbak, Satana, Nandgaon, Sinnar are in 'C' category.
The Balwantrai Mehta Committee was given the responsibility of investigating the reason behind the inadequacy in the development of the rural areas. It was seen that development in these areas was not commensurate with the Government's plans for the same. The Committee came to the conclusion that the urgent necessity of the day, to remedy this state of affairs, was the decentralisation of power and responsibility at the lower level. The Balwantrai Mehta Committee recommended the formation of local committees on par with Block Development Committees, to be named as Panchayat Samitis, and at the district level a district committee to be called Zilla Parishad, instead of the local boards, etc., in order to secure integration in the various developmental activities. Thus, the Gram Panchayat, the Panchayat Samiti and the Zilla Parishad are the three responsible functionaries in the decentralisation of administration, which are entrusted with the implementation of the developmental schemes.
Thus, an Act, to provide for the establishment of Zilla Parishads and Panchayat Samitis, to assign to them local Government functions, and to entrust the execution of certain works and development schemes in the State Five-Year Plans and to provide for the decentralisation of powers and functions under certain enactments was passed in 1961, known as the Maharashtra Zilla Parishads and Panchayat Samitis Act, 1961.
In 1962, as per the Maharashtra Zilla Parishad and Panchayat Samiti Acts, Zilla Parishad and 13 Panchayat Samities were formed. Later, the 14th and 15th Panchayat Samiti Deola and Trimbak were formed. The working of Zilla Parishad is carried out according to the Sthai Samit (Standing Committee) and Finance, Works, Agriculture, Education, Health, Social Welfare Subject Samities. Administrative head of the Zilla Parishad is from the I.A.S. cadre. The president of the Zilla Parishad is elected by the people. Each Subject Samiti has a Head called the 'Sabhapati'.
This is the process by means og which the administration of the district of Nashik is carried out.
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