The leaves are bipinnate, dark green, paler beneath, not glossy, up to 300 mm long. The leaflets up to 8 mm wide are membranous, elliptic to elliptic-oblong. Flowers are bright yellow or dark red in colour, in conspicuous axillary and terminal racemes, petals are suborbicular and bright yellow.
Fruits are linear-oblong, winged, beaked, 4-9-seeded, and the seeds are ellipsoid and dull black.
The native land of this plant is tropical and subtropical Asia but widely introduced and naturalized in Africa and the Pacific region. Karanjika is commonly found wild throughout peninsular India in open habitats and in thickets to an altitude of 1800 metre; commonly planted in hedges throughout India.
Etymology of Karanjika Pant
The botanical name of the plant is Caesalpinia decapetala. Karanjika is known as black bonduc in English, 'karanj' in Hindi, 'chillari' in Marathi, 'godhchili' in Oriya and 'karanjika' in Sanskrit. It is also commonly known as Mauritius or Mysore thorn or the cat's claw.
Medicinal Properties and Uses of Karanjika Pant
The medicinal properties and uses of Karanjika are numerous. Some of the uses are follows:
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