Mukka is the local name for metallic gold or silver thread that is wound around a core of cotton fibre. Both golden and silver mukka is used in this embroidery work. This style is mostly done in the Thar belt of Rajasthan, especially among the Sindhi Musalman and Meghval communities. The metal thread for Mukke ka kaam is doubled, laid on the fabric and couched down by stitching with another thread. The couching is skillfully executed so as to reveal the maximum surface area of the metallic yarn. In addition to coiling, various other stitches like the buttonhole and outline stitches are also used for tilling in the designs.
The artisans of Rajasthan sketch the design of Mukke ka kaam on the cloth and use a black thread to fill in the outline. A mirror is attached in the centre of the motif, with the mukka couched around it. Mukka work in Rajasthan is combined with other styles of embroidery, which are used to fill in the background cloth. The final outcome is a usually very rich and colourful bit of embroidery with geometric designs. Zigzag patterns stars, and triangles are especially popular designs in Mukke ka kaam. The local names for motifs and designs are derived from everyday objects, like funi, a sweet, patasha, a white sugar disc, courtyard and dabbo, chaukri. Mukke ka kaam is most often seen on kanchlis, wall hangings and purses.
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