(Last Updated on : 24-09-2014)
The Belghar Sanctuary is located in the eastern Indian state of Orissa. The sanctuary is situated in Belghar, about 158 kms away from the city of Phulbani. The sanctuary covers a huge area of 16, 174, 46 acres and is located in the district of Kandhamal. The area is situated at an altitude of 2255 feet above the sea level. Out of the total area, the cultivated area is 3876.44 Acres and the rest area is reserved forest and others. The sanctuary is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna species, out of which, the Wild Elephants are probably the most notable species. The area is also inhabited by a variety of tribal communities.
The Belghar Sanctuary is located in Tropical deciduous forest belt. It boasts a wide collection of plant species, out of which, some are considered rare and unique. Most of the plant species in the sanctuary tend to shed their leaves during the spring time. The trees in the sanctuary can rise to great heights. The plant species found in this sanctuary have both medicinal and commercial values. Apart from the rich flora species, the Belghar Sanctuary also provides natural habitat to a large variety of mammal fauna species. The Wild Elephants are one of the most important mammal species found in the sanctuary. These masculine wild tuskers were used by the erstwhile kings in battlefields. They were also being used to transport wooden trunks, and many other things. They are considered as most valuable assets of the woodland.
Besides the Wild Elephants, many other smaller mammal species like Deers are also found. The sanctuary is home to several bird species, as well. The sanctuary is also famous for being habitat to many tribal communities. The tribal section named Dogria Khond, is one of the most dominant tribes in the sanctuary. Another prominent tribal community in the Belghar Sanctuary is the Bonda community. This community is considered as one of the most primitive tribe of India. The colourful lifestyle of the Bondas attracts many tourists.
The Belghar Sanctuary is the protector and preserver of wildlife and a popular tourist destination. Several nature lovers and adventure seekers from all over the world go and visit the Belghar Sanctuary on a regular basis. The captivating beauty of the sanctuary's natural inhabitants entrances the tourists. As the climatic condition of the sanctuary is also quite comfortable and it is watered by the natural streams, it has become an apt locale for a short visit.